地理研究 ›› 2011, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (3): 523-530.doi: 10.11821/yj2011030013

• 地表过程研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

安徽淮河流域洪涝灾害防灾减灾能力评估

黄大鹏1, 郑伟2, 张人禾1, 霍治国1, 李加林3, 彭顺风4   

  1. 1. 中国气象科学研究院,北京 100081;
    2. 国家卫星气象中心,北京 100081;
    3. 宁波大学建筑工程与环境学院,宁波 315211;
    4. 淮河水利委员会,蚌埠 233001
  • 收稿日期:2010-09-16 修回日期:2010-12-18 出版日期:2011-03-20 发布日期:2011-03-20
  • 作者简介:黄大鹏(1978-),男,安徽潜山人,博士,主要从事遥感与GIS技术、自然灾害监测评估研究。 E-mail: dapenghuang@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    "十一五"国家科技支撑计划课题(2008BAK50B02);国家自然科学基金项目(40901231);浙江省科技厅自然基金项目(2010A610105)

Assessment of capacity of flood disaster prevention and reduction of Huaihe River Basin in Anhui Province

HUANG Da-peng1, ZHENG Wei2, ZHANG Ren-he1, HUO Zhi-guo1, LI Jia-lin3, PENG Shun-feng4   

  1. 1. Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences, Beijing 100081, China;
    2. National Satellite Meteorological Center, Beijing 100081, China;
    3. Faculty of Architecturel, Civil Engineering and Environment, Ningbo University, Ningbo 315211, Zhejiang, China;
    4. Huaihe River Commission, Ministry of Water Resources, Bengbu 233001, Anhui, China
  • Received:2010-09-16 Revised:2010-12-18 Online:2011-03-20 Published:2011-03-20

摘要: 采用层次分析法并融合专家意见,遵循客观性、数据获取便利性、指标量化可行性并突出主导因素等原则,构建综合防洪除涝能力、监测预警能力、抢险救灾与恢复重建能力以及灾害管理能力的洪涝灾害防灾减灾能力综合评估指标体系,对安徽淮河流域各县市洪涝灾害防灾减灾能力进行评估。评估表明:蚌埠市防灾减灾能力最高,其次为淮南市、淮北市,再次为凤台县、阜阳市、滁州市、濉溪县、宿州市,其余县市为较低以下防灾减灾能力。分析发现:淮河干流以南县市洪涝灾害防灾减灾能力相对较低,淮北平原相对较高;沙颍河右侧的临泉县和阜南县防灾减灾能力低,左侧县市相对较高;涡河蒙城以上的涡阳县和亳州市防灾减灾能力较低。

关键词: 淮河流域, 安徽, 洪涝灾害, 防灾减灾能力

Abstract: Taking the Huaihe River Basin in Anhui Province as the study area and following principles of objectivity, data availability, feasibility of index quantification and highlighting dominant factors, the index system of assessment of capacity of flood disaster prevention and reduction was established at city-county level, which is composed of capacity of flood prevention and waterlogging control, capacity of flood monitoring and warning, capacity of rescue and rehabilitation, and capacity of disaster management. The judge matrixes of index system and index weights were established by the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) approach based on opinions from experts. Then a capacity map of flood disaster prevention and reduction of the Huaihe River Basin in Anhui Province was generated. The result shows that the capacity of flood disaster prevention and reduction is the highest in Bengbu city, followed by Huainan city, Huaibei city, Fengtai county, Fuyang city, Chuzhou city, Suixi county and Suzhou city, while the others have relatively low and even lower capacity of flood disaster prevention and reduction. A further analysis shows that the capacity is low in regions to the south of the mainstream of the Huaihe River compared with northern Huaihe River plain and the same is to the result of right-hand regions of Shaying River compared with the left-hand regions. The capacity is relatively low in Guoyang county and Bozhou city among the regions along the Guohe river. The index system and assessment method helps provide references for assessment of capacity of flood disaster prevention and reduction in other basins or regions, and may provide a basis for the work of flood prevention and reduction in China.

Key words: Huaihe River Basin, Anhui Province, flood disaster, capacity of disaster prevention and reduction