地理研究 ›› 2011, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (11): 2017-2029.doi: 10.11821/yj2011110008

• 旅游与文化 • 上一篇    下一篇

与女游客婚恋关系下的摩梭男性文化身份建构

魏雷1, 朱竑2, 唐雪琼3   

  1. 1. 华南师范大学增城学院,广州 511363;
    2. 华南师范大学地理科学学院,广州 510631;
    3. 西南林业大学生态旅游学院,昆明 650224
  • 收稿日期:2011-05-21 修回日期:2011-08-12 出版日期:2011-11-20 发布日期:2011-11-20
  • 通讯作者: 朱竑(1968-),男,甘肃临夏人,教授,博士生导师,研究方向为文化地理。 E-mail:eeszhh@mail.sysu.edu.cn E-mail:eeszhh@mail.sysu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:魏雷(1985-),女,甘肃白银人,助教,研究方向为文化地理。E-mail: 233632935@qq.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(40861005、40771067、41171125)

Construction of Mosuo men's cultural identity under the romantic relationship with female tourists

WEI Lei1, ZHU Hong2, TANG Xue-qiong3   

  1. 1. Tourism Management Department, Zengcheng College of South China Normal University, Guangzhou 511363, China;
    2. School of Geography, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510631, China;
    3. Ecotourism Faculty, Southwest Forestry University, Kunming 650224, China
  • Received:2011-05-21 Revised:2011-08-12 Online:2011-11-20 Published:2011-11-20

摘要: 不同于西方学界,国内在婚恋旅游方面的研究尚属空白。云南泸沽湖摩梭男性与女游客的交往是婚恋旅游应当关注的典型且鲜明之案例,且由于泸沽湖地方性中蕴含的特殊婚恋文化与西方研究所反映的婚恋旅游虽形态相似但本质迥异。本文从摩梭男性文化身份构建的视角,借助对摩梭人的访谈以及对网络文本的分析发现,摩梭男性与女游客的婚恋关系是摩梭文化和主流文化交互、网络话语误读、旅游行为互动等方面共同作用的产物。由于与摩梭走婚文化高度契合,这种婚恋关系可以看作是摩梭文化的衍生部分。在游客与旅游地的互动当中,地方性不断被表达,体验,乃至重构。而与女游客的交往,在一定层面巩固了摩梭男性自身的文化认同,使其文化身份由潜在的无意识身份上升为确凿的摩梭男性文化身份。

关键词: 婚恋旅游, 摩梭男性, 文化身份, 云南泸沽湖

Abstract: Unlike the western academic circles, there are few studies on romance tourism in China. In Lugu Lake basin, Southwest China, the relationship between Mosuo men and female tourists is a particular case in romance tourism due to matriarchy prevailing among Mosuo people. The relationship derived from Mosuo traditional Walking Marriage can be defined as Tourism Walking Marriage. By means of interviewing Mosuo people and analyzing internet discourse, the author demonstrates that this new cultural phenomenon is the result influenced by the blending of Mosuo culture and Han culture, the misunderstanding of internet discourse, and the interaction of tourism. Through interaction between the tourists and destination, the placeness has been continuously expressed, experienced and reconstructed. This romantic relationship consolidates Mosuo men's cultural identity and develops their recessive cultural identity into a definite awareness of their own cultural identity.

Key words: romance tourism, Mosuo men, cultural identity, Lugu Lake