GEOGRAPHICAL RESEARCH ›› 2019, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (5): 1103-1118.doi: 10.11821/dlyj020171047

• Urban Research • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Mechanisms and spatial pattern of land use changes of the urban tourism complex: A case study of Qujiang, Xi’an

Weiwei LI1,2(), Tian CHEN2, Xiaolong MA3()   

  1. 1. School of Tourism and Geographical Science, Qingdao University, Qingdao 266071, China
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    3. College of Tourism and Service Management, Nankai University, Tianjin 300350, China
  • Received:2017-11-07 Revised:2018-02-09 Online:2019-05-13 Published:2019-05-13

Abstract:

Identifying the evolution mechanisms and law of the urban tourism complex’s land use pattern plays an important role in optimizing urban spatial structure, improving the comprehensive service functions of urban tourism and constructing modern urban service system. Taking a case study of Qujiang urban tourism complex in Northwest China's Xi’an, and based on the land-use change index model and the GIS spatial analysis technology, this paper explores the spatial differentiation process of urban tourism complex’s land use pattern by obtaining and analyzing the basic data about the land use change intensity, speed, benefit and function transformation of Qujiang urban tourism complex. The results show that, firstly, Qujiang urban tourism complex evolves from a township settlement to a modern and integrated tourism development area. Secondly, the dominant land use functions of Qujiang have changed significantly. Specifically, the core land use functions have transformed from agricultural production and village residence to tourism leisure and high-end residence. Thirdly, Qujiang urban tourism complex’s land use pattern is a layout like circles, whose core layer is tourism integrated land, and the outer layers are landscape residential land, commercial land, public management and public service land, common community residential land and industrial land in turn. Fourthly, the evolution of urban tourism complex’s land use pattern has experienced three stages including homogeneous and disordered stage, convergence–diffusion stage and balanced intensive stage. In essence, the evolution process of urban tourism complex’s land use pattern is just the spatial structure development process of its own, namely its spatial structure has gone through the homogeneous disorder phase in the beginning to the polarization stage and then to the equilibrium stage. And this evolution process is actually the results of rational participation and collective choice of multiple stakeholders who make decisions under the action of differential land rent caused by land conversion increment and land capitalization increment. Therefore, the article points out that more attention should be attached to ensuring the rational development land of UTC, increasing the land revenue value in an orderly way and giving full play to the dynamic regulation of land price leverage, which would be effective in achieving intensive land use and functional synergy of the urban tourism complex.

Key words: Urban tourism complex, land use, spatial pattern, mechanisms, differential land rent, Qujiang