GEOGRAPHICAL RESEARCH ›› 2019, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (3): 699-712.doi: 10.11821/dlyj020181151

• Modes and measures of rural revitalization • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Research of the regional mode of rural revitalization in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Region: Based on the spatial effect between rural off-farm employment and farmers' income growth

Fang FANG1(), Renwei HE2,3(), Lina LI3   

  1. 1. Institute of Economics, Beijing Academy of Social Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
    2. City Situation Survey Research Center, Beijing Academy of Social Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
    3. School of Resources and Environment, Xichang College, Xichang 615013, China
  • Received:2018-10-23 Revised:2019-01-31 Online:2019-03-20 Published:2019-03-25

Abstract:

Illustrating the dialectical relationship between rural off- farm employment, farmers' income growth and agricultural and rural development, and constructing regional modes of rural revitalization are of great significance for orderly promoting urbanization, and realizing the prosperity of farmers’ living and rural revitalization. This article first divides the counties of Beijing- Tianjin- Hebei Region into five types of region: Beijing and Tianjin suburban region (I), Northeast Hebei region (II), Central Hebei Plain region (III), Taihang Mountains region (IV) and Bashang region (V). Then it measures the spatial effect of rural off-farm employment on farmers' income growth by using panel data of the counties of Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Region and Spatial Regression Model. Finally, this paper refines the regional modes of rural revitalization in the study region. The results show that: (1) from 2000 to 2016, the rural per capita net income increased from 2486 yuan to 11920 yuan, while the rate of rural off-farm employment rose from 38.9% to 57.5%; the order of the rate of rural off- farm employment in five types of region was I>III>II>IV>V, and the order of the rural per capita net income was I>II>III>IV>V; (2) the rural off-farm employment effectively promotes the farmers' income growth; the process of rural off-farm employment leads to the change of farmers' income structure showing a trend of shift from one to another: the stronger the role of off- farm employment income in farmers' income growth, the weaker the role of agricultural income in farmers' income growth; every unit increase of the rate of rural off-farm employment leads to 9.215 units increase of farmers’ income; the elasticity coefficients of the rate of rural off-farm employment to farmers’ income are 29.986, -23.605, -10.388, and 9.951 in I, II, III, and V region, respectively, and there is no significant relationship between them in IV region; (3) according to the characteristic, mechanism and future development trend of rural off-farm employment and farmers' income growth in different regional types, four regional modes of rural revitalization in this region are refined, namely, stable employment + agriculture - commerce- industry dominated type, concurrent operation + modern agriculture dominated type, employment export + compound featured agriculture dominated type, employment export + compound ecological agriculture - tourism dominated type. Finally, this article puts forward the guarantee mechanism of rural off-farm employment and talent cultivation and industrial integration in order to promote the positive interaction between rural off-farm employment and farmers' income growth.

Key words: rural off-farm employment, farmers' income growth, spatial effect, regional mode, rural revitalization, Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Region