GEOGRAPHICAL RESEARCH ›› 2021, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (3): 808-820.doi: 10.11821/dlyj020190970

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The comparison study of industrial structure transformation between non-resource-based and resource-based cities in Northeast China

CHEN Yan1,2(), WANG Shijun3, MEI Lin3()   

  1. 1. College of Geography and Environmental Sciences, Hainan Normal University, Haikou 571158, China
    2. Key Laboratory of Earth Surface Processes and Environmental Change of Tropical Islands, Haikou 571158, China
    3. School of Geographical Science, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, China
  • Received:2019-11-05 Accepted:2020-05-25 Online:2021-03-10 Published:2021-05-10
  • Contact: MEI Lin E-mail:cheny662@nenu.edu.cn;meil682@nenu.edu.cn

Abstract:

Industrial structure transformation is the key to accelerate economic development. In 2000, the Chinese government officially set Fuxin as the first transforming pilot in Northeast China. Since then both resourced-based and non-resource-based cities in Heilongjiang, Jilin and Liaoning provinces that used to be dependent on heavy industries have adjusted and upgraded economic structures. This article tried to compare the industrial structure transformation levels between resourced-based and non-resource-based cities in Northeast China, where most cities had relied on mineral resources for over half a century. According to the industrial development theories, two indicators, rational rate and upgrading rate, are frequently used to evaluate the structural transformation in a particular city. This paper took these theories as reference, compared both rational rate and upgrading rate between two cities, and used panel regression to find the factors influencing industrial development. All the data came from National Bureau of Statistics of China and provincial statistical yearbooks (2001-2018). Some conclusions can be drawn as follows: (1) Both resource-based and non-resource-based cities revealed strong fluctuations in development. The periodic characteristics were highly related to up-down policies. The industrial structure transformation of all the cities have been achieved and upgraded quantitatively and qualitatively. In 2017, the there were small differences between resource-based cities and other types of cities. (2) During the transformation, the average levels of both rationalization and upgradation of the resource-based cities were lower than those of others, and the high-level cities were barely changed, which showed different spatial distribution features. (3) Environmental regulation and ownership structure can be beneficial to the industrial development for all the cities. Other factors such as technology level, resource dependence, investment level, and economic openness played different roles in different types of cities. (4) The commonalities and differences between resource-based and non-resource-based cities revealed the difficulties for industrial transformation in Northeast China. In the future, the acceleration of serving industries, ownership structure, and environment regulation could promote the further transformation development.

Key words: industrial structure, non-resource-based cities, resource-based cities, Northeast China