GEOGRAPHICAL RESEARCH ›› 2021, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (2): 513-527.doi: 10.11821/dlyj020191122

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The coordination mechanism of migrants' residence and employment change in the process of urban renewal: A case study of Beijing

DANG Yunxiao1(), ZHAN Dongsheng2, CHEN Li3(), ZHANG Wenzhong4,5, WU Shaohua1   

  1. 1. Institute of Land and Urban-rural Development, Zhejiang University of Finance and Economics, Hangzhou 310018, China
    2. School of Management, Zhejiang University of Technology, Hangzhou 310023, China
    3. College of Arts and Sciences, Beijing Union University, Beijing 100191, China
    4. Key Laboratory of Region Sustainable Development Modeling, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    5. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2019-12-25 Accepted:2020-05-18 Online:2021-02-10 Published:2021-04-10
  • Contact: CHEN Li E-mail:xiaoxiao187@126.com;chenlicas@foxmail.com

Abstract:

In the last 40 years, China has experienced large-scale migration, which has greatly contributed to its urban construction and economic growth. Meanwhile, migrants face residence and employment instability in the process of urban renewal. The existing literature mostly attributes this instability to individual factors, but ignores the influence of macro events (such as urban demolition and reconstruction) or the industrial restructuring on migrants' lives. Moreover, in most studies, migrants' residence and employment changes are regarded as independent behaviors of non-interference rather than as correlated behaviors. To fill these research gaps, this study builds a theoretical framework for the coordinative changes of migrant residences and employment. Based on a large-scale survey in Beijing in 2013, we use multilevel bivariate probit models to analyze how the background features impact migrants' residence and employment changes under urban renewal. In particular, this research focuses on two types of background features: the instability of residence, which is measured by the number of city villages in the sub-district, and the instability of employment, which is measured by the proportional area of the wholesale and retail industries in the sub-district. Moreover, we analyze the coordinative change between migrants' residences and employment. The results show that: (1) Compared with residents, migrants are more likely to change residence and employment, and the instability of their residence and employment are correlated more with urban renewal. Migrants living in the city center have higher stability in their residences and employment than those in outlying areas. (2) At the sub-district level, the difference in probability of employment change is significantly greater than that of residence changes. Residence and employment changes are correlated, and change in residence (or employment) is likely to lead to changes in employment (or residence) simultaneously. (3) Migrants living in the sub-districts of city villages have tended to report a higher probability of residence change in the last five years. (4) The young-generation migrants have higher coordination of residence-employment change than old-generation migrants, and the residence instability of the young generation is more related to the instability of the living environment in the sub-districts.

Key words: migrants, urban renewal, residence change, employment change, coordination mechanism