GEOGRAPHICAL RESEARCH ›› 2021, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (3): 725-742.doi: 10.11821/dlyj020200674

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The spatial pattern of transnational migrants and its influence on FDI in Africa since the 21st century

JIANG Haining1(), ZHANG Wenzhong2,3, ZHANG Jianzhen1, DUAN Jian1()   

  1. 1. College of Geography and Environmental Sciences, Zhejiang Normal University, Jinhua 321004, Zhejiang, China
    2. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    3. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2020-07-17 Accepted:2020-12-09 Online:2021-03-10 Published:2021-05-10
  • Contact: DUAN Jian E-mail:jhn841263@163.com;duanj@zjnu.edu.cn

Abstract:

Many studies have proved that there is a good interaction between transnational migration and foreign direct investment. As FDI in Africa has been growing rapidly since the beginning of the 21st century, the problems still need to be solved: what is the role of transnational migration in this process, and what is the spatial influence pattern of transnational immigrants from different flows and countries on FDI. The spatial pattern of transnational migration and its influence on FDI were analyzed by adopting the software of ArcGIS and DPS based on the World Bank Database and African Statistical Yearbook in Africa since the beginning of the 21st century. The results show that the transnational migrants by country of origin or destination are concentrated in North Africa and Sub-Saharan Africa respectively, the former gradually forms an agglomeration pattern of immigrants centered on "Morocco-Egypt-Sudan" while the latter is most concentrated in C?te d′Ivoire but gradually replaced by South Africa. FDI is most heavily concentrated in North Africa, but relatively less in South Africa, East Africa, West Africa and Central Africa; and the difference between South Africa, East Africa, West Africa and Central Africa decreases as time goes on. The spatial overlapping of gravity center between transnational migrants by country of destination and FDI is always in a low and stable fluctuation trend, but the center of transnational migration by the country of origin is far away from the center of FDI, with a large fluctuation range, and at the same time, the center of FDI migration is more complex and the migration distance and rate are the most important, showing an overall migration trend from southeast to northwest. The spatial coupling process of gravity center between African transnational migration and FDI shows a wave-style trend that the coupling curve of their gravity centers firstly moves in one direction and then in reverse, while compared with transnational migrants by country of origin, the value of the spatial overlapping and consistency index between transnational migrants by country of destination and FDI is higher, showing that the transnational migration by country of destination has slightly higher attraction to FDI, which is consistent with the results of Grey Correlation Analysis.

Key words: transnational migration, FDI, spatial pattern, Grey Correlation Analysis, Africa