GEOGRAPHICAL RESEARCH ›› 2014, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (1): 191-198.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201401017

Previous Articles    

Essential classification and its effects of spatial profit of human activity

JIN Fengjun   

  1. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, Institute of Geographic Sciences andNatural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2013-07-12 Revised:2013-11-19 Online:2014-01-10 Published:2014-01-10

Abstract: Economic and social activities of human beings exist in space, and even spatially move from one place to another according to the nature of seeking benefit, and thus result in the formation of a series of spatial modes, performing as material space, landscape pattern, and relationship linkages. How to understand the relationships between behavior and landscape, behavior and structure, behavior and spatial function has important theoretical meaning and great values for practical application. The objective world that people have apperceived is a complicated complex formed by seeking spatial benefit. In order to maintain the sustainable development of space welfare for human beings, should people shape the spatial structure by their own arbitrary behaviors or restrain their spatial behaviors by building the effectivity space? Which one is more useful for maintaining the safety, health, and development welfare of people's living space? Till today, human civilization has experienced a long history, and it is the time to restrain people's behaviors to the nature. With the theories in political economics and spatial economics, this paper first illustrates the basic characteristics and patterns of spatial profiting, its spatial welfare effect by analyzing people's spatial behaviors such as benefit creating, benefit seeking, and rent seeking; and then explores the necessity and mechanism for restraining spatial organization and spatial behaviors on the way to ecological civilization; and finally it puts forward to the spatial behavior modes and paradigms for sustainable development, and further summarizes the basic principles for constructing effectivity space and organization.

Key words: spatial profiting, welfare effectiveness, spatial organization, effectivity ordering