GEOGRAPHICAL RESEARCH ›› 2015, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (1): 15-26.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201501002

Special Issue: 人地系统

• Orginal Article • Previous Articles     Next Articles

The theoretical perspective and academic innovation of tourism geography based on human-environment interactions

Zhenfang HUANG1(), Rui HUANG2   

  1. 1. School of Geographical Science, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210023, China
    2.Nanjing Institute of Tourism & Hospitality, Nanjing 211100, China
  • Received:2014-06-10 Revised:2014-10-09 Online:2015-01-10 Published:2015-01-10

Abstract:

:In view of the current situation that the theory study on tourism geography is relatively weak and the content relatively generalized, this paper proposes that tourism human-environment interactions should be the core of tourism geography study. It expounds the theoretical connotation of tourism human-environment interactions , and then by taking "tourism areal system" as the object of study, it defines that tourism geography is a science that studies the relationship between human tourism activities on earth surface and its geographical environment and serves man's life and social economic development. On the basis of theories related with human-environment interactions, in accordance with the requirement of developing tourism geography theory systematically and scientifically and fully considering the discipline features of tourism geography, i.e., tourism, regionality, comprehensiveness and applicability, the paper constructs the tourism geography theory framework by using tourism activity system and geographical environment system as baselines and human-environment interactions theory as the core, and by integrating theories of related disciplines. The paper also reviews the basic research content, main scientific issues and principal research methods of tourism geography, and emphasizes that the scientific spirit of geographic study should be highly promoted, and the unfavorable current research status of the low-level application orientation and the too much technique orientation should be changed. Thereby, tourism geography should be really applied to dealing with the national and regional practical tourism issues, and the theory-oriented ideological study should be intensified. Therefore, such points as the basic features, functional structure, spatial-temporal evolution, fundamental law, dynamic mechanism and regulation means, that profoundly reveal the criteria of the tourism human-environment areal system, should be the focuses of tourism geography study. On these grounds, by means of innovations in the scopes of discipline characteristics, research methods, theoretical results, research methods and application value, the paper deepens the theoretical study, advances the academic level, improves the discipline system of tourism geography and promotes the localization of modern tourism geography and the internationalization of China's tourism geographical study.

Key words: human-environment interactions, tourism areal system, tourism geography, theoretical perspective, academic innovation