GEOGRAPHICAL RESEARCH ›› 2016, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (1): 148-162.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201601013

Special Issue: 人地系统

• Orginal Article • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Determinants of entrepreneurial behavior of rural migrants in urban society: From the perspective of 'human-environment relationship'

Jianxi FENG1(), Shuangshuang TANG2(), Zhenshan YANG3   

  1. 1. Department of Urban Planning and Design, School of Architecture and Urban Planning, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China
    2. Research Center of Human Geography, School of Geographic and Oceanographic Sciences, Nanjing University, Nangjing 210046, China
    3. Key Lab of Analysis and Simulation of Regional Sustainable Development, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2015-06-12 Revised:2015-11-25 Online:2016-01-23 Published:2016-01-23

Abstract:

China has experienced fast urbanization for more than three decades and now it is the key time to promote the quality of urbanization through accommodating rural migrants in urban destinations orderly and properly. The entrepreneurship of rural migrants in urban destinations could increase their incomes and provide more opportunities for interaction and communication with local residents and therefore is considered as an efficient means to enhance social integration of the migrants. However, in domestic scientific community, existing studies mainly focus on the entrepreneurship of rural migrants in rural origins while in international debates, too much emphasis is placed on the entrepreneurial behavior of immigrants and ethnic groups. Studies focusing on the entrepreneurship of rural migrants in urban destinations and its determinants are rather limited. This paper therefore first proposes a theoretic model of entrepreneurial behavior of rural migrants in urban destinations through the perspective of 'human-environment relationship' and then takes Jiangsu province as an empirical case to demonstrate the feasibility and reliability of the theoretic model. Based on the '2010 Migrant Survey in Jiangsu province', this paper employs binary logistic model to investigate the determinants of entrepreneurial behaviors of rural migrants in urban destinations. This paper has several findings. Firstly, both the social-economic features of rural migrants and the social, cultural and urban environments are observed to have influences on the entrepreneurial behaviors of rural migrants in urban destinations. Secondly, the urban factors, such as urban labor market and urban economic structure, exert more profound influences on the entrepreneurial behaviors of migrants than the difference in cultural and societal contexts of original places, which are in contrast to the findings of existing studies on the entrepreneurship of immigrants and ethnic groups in destinations. Thirdly, this paper finds that the special institutional schemes of China also have significant influences on the entrepreneurial behaviors of rural migrants, particularly the hukou arrangement tends to reduce the possibilities of the entrepreneurship of rural migrants in urban destinations.

Key words: entrepreneurship behavior, human-environment relationship, rural migrants, binary logistic model, Jiangsu