GEOGRAPHICAL RESEARCH ›› 2016, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (10): 1963-1972.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201610014

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Space scale effects of cultural industries: A case study of Xi'an

Zhenfeng LIU1(), Dongqian XUE1(), Yuan ZHUANG1,2, Zhijie ZHANG1, Beibei MA1   

  1. 1. College of Tourism and Environment, Shaanxi Normal University. Xi'an 710062, China
    2. Baotou Vocational and Technical College, Baotou 014030, Inner Mongolia, China
  • Received:2016-04-11 Revised:2016-07-13 Online:2016-10-26 Published:2016-10-27

Abstract:

The agglomeration of industries is one of the core issues for economic geography, while scales of the unit which we use will make the analysis results uncertainty. This paper takes Xi'an as an example, utilizing the geographic coordinates of cultural corporations within the belt highway. Firstly, 60 kinds of grid with different scales were created, and the quantity and density of cultural corporations in each unit were calculated. Secondly, Gini index and Global Moran's I index were used to calculate the concentration and agglomeration of cultural industries at 60 kinds of scales. Thirdly, with the method of kriging interpolation, five typical scales were chosen to explore the spatial structure scale effect of cultural industry. The results are as fellows: (1) The concentration of cultural industry will be diluted when the scale expands. But there is a "threshold scale" for the concentration of cultural industry, the concentration declines rapidly below the "threshold scale", while it declines slowly above the scale. (2) Unlike the concentration, the agglomeration of the cultural industry seems to be a "peak scale". Below the "peak scale" the agglomeration increases rapidly when the scale expands, while above it, the agglomeration presents a declining trend at first, then it fluctuates when the scale expands continuously. (3) Based on the change characteristics of Gini index and Global Moran's I index, the scales of cultural industry were identified into three levels. The indices changed rapidly with the scale expanding on the micro scales (0.1 km×0.1 km-0.6 km×0.6 km), fluctuated at high level with the middle scales (0.6 km×0.6 km-2.8 km×2.8 km), and became stable on the macro scales (above 2.8 km×2.8 km). (4) The spatial structure differs from point (polar nucleus) to axis band to black mass when the scales vary from micro to macro level. The micro scales reflect the location factors of the cultural industry, and the middle and macro scales reflect the layer structure of cultural industry. (5) The scale effects of cultural industry results from the reconstitution for cultural corporation concentrated area when the space units redistrict. When industrial planning and policies are being enacted, different schemes and measures should be taken according to the characteristics of different scales.

Key words: scale effects, cultural industry, spatial structure, Xi'an