GEOGRAPHICAL RESEARCH ›› 2017, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (4): 616-632.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201704002

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Calculation method and spatial pattern of urbanization rate of registered population in China

Wei QI1(), Shenghe LIU1(), Haoran JIN1,2   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2016-10-10 Revised:2017-01-10 Online:2017-04-20 Published:2017-05-04

Abstract:

Improving the urbanization rate of registered population is regarded as a new target of building a moderately prosperous society in China. The gap between urbanization rates of residential population and registered population is caused by the large floating population. The research on urbanization rate of registered population is helpful for understanding the new urbanization process in China. This paper clarified the statistic definitions of "local", "nonlocal" and "urban" for urbanization rate of registered population. Then two calculation methods, which were direct method and indirect method, were put forward to measure urbanization rate of registered population. Based on the 6th census data in China, the urbanization rate of registered population at county scale in 2010 was calculated. Besides, the comparison was conducted between urbanization rates of registered population, residential population and floating population. The main conclusions are as follows. (1) Urbanization rate of registered population was obviously lower than that of residential population. In 2010, the urbanization rate of residential population reached 50.27%, while that of registered population was only 39.34%. The cities and counties with a large immigrant floating population usually have a relatively high urbanization rate of residential population. (2) The urbanization rate of registered population had a significant positive correlation with non-agricultural opportunities. Thus the urbanization rates of registered population in the coastal area, areas along the Yangtze River and in northern border area were relative higher than that in the inland area. The immigrant floating population mostly gathered in urban agglomeration area and provincial capital cities. As a result, in these areas and cities, urbanization rates of residential population were usually higher than that of registered population. (3) In China, two thirds of cities and counties had a relatively low urbanization level. The urbanization rates of all the three types in these cities and counties were below the national average level. The central and western regions of China should raise urbanization rate of registered population through encouraging local urbanization development. While those well-developed urban agglomerations and provincial capital cities should upgrade urbanization rate of registered population through promoting citizenization of immigrant floating population.

Key words: registered population, urbanization rate, calculation method, spatial pattern