GEOGRAPHICAL RESEARCH ›› 2017, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (11): 2156-2170.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201711010

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Spatial-temporal evolution and influencing factors of Logistics Supply Chain in the Yangtze River Delta: Based on international freight forwarding enterprises data

Shuangbo LIANG1,2(), Youhui CAO1,2(), Wei WU1,2   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Watershed Geographic Sciences, CAS, Nanjing 210008, China
    2. Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, CAS, Nanjing 210008, China
  • Received:2017-04-04 Revised:2017-07-26 Online:2017-11-20 Published:2017-12-21

Abstract:

With the rapid reconstruction of global industrial spatial organization, Logistics Supply Chain (LSC) is becoming a new topic of transportation geography. Understanding the spatio-temporal evolution of the LSC and its influencing factors can help policy makers more efficiently guide the regional spatial reorganization of the logistics in an integrative context. Based on the data of the relational international freight forwarding enterprises in 2005, 2010 and 2015, this paper explores the evolutionary process, the formed pattern and the influencing factors of LSC in the Yangtze River Delta (YRD) on both the regional and provincial scales, by mainly using the complex network research method. The result implies that the LSC of YRD presents radial pattern characteristics, taking Shanghai as the core. Suzhou, Nantong, Jiaxing and other nodes surrounding Shanghai have developed rapidly. The degree of LSC integration in YRD is strengthening, while the connection between Zhejiang and Jiangsu provinces grows slowly, with obvious disparities within the provinces. The organization-control capability of the nodes are remarkably different in the regional and provincial scales. Nanjing has always been the core node of LSC in Jiangsu. The core node of Zhejiang is composed of “dual-core structure” of Ningbo and Hangzhou, controlling regional and provincial elements respectively. The stability of LSC is getting better in the two scales, with the efficiency of LSC in the regional scale increasing, but the efficiency of LSC in provincial scales is obviously different. Based on the analysis, this paper presents the five-stage development model of LSC evolution, and currently the LSC of YRD is in the fourth development stage. The main influencing factors include the regional economic development and city location, macro policies and marketization, logistics integration and logistics resources coordination, global production network and logistics enterprise organization. Finally, the paper puts forward countermeasures and suggestions for the development of LSC in YRD as follows: (1) Shanghai should strengthen connections with neighboring Suzhou, Nantong, Jiaxing and other nodes, jointly building an international supply chain center; (2) give full play to the advantageous functions of Ningbo and Hangzhou in LSC respectively as the dual cores by better consolidation and coordination; (3) fully enhance the cooperation between Yangzhou and Taizhou, so as to strengthen the radiation of Sunan (Southern Jiangsu) towards Subei (Northern Jiangsu).

Key words: Logistics Supply Chain (LSC), spatial-temporal evolution, international freight forwarding enterprise, scale, Yangtze River Delta (YRD)