GEOGRAPHICAL RESEARCH ›› 2018, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (6): 1127-1141.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201806006

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A study on the influencing factors of rural residents' well-being under the ecological migration: Based on the sampling survey of rural areas in Lantian county of Shaanxi province

Xinyuan LI(), Min LEI(), Jiaqi XI, Xiaoli CAO, Zhiqing ZHAO   

  1. School of Urban and Environment, Northwest University, Xi'an 710127, China
  • Received:2017-12-23 Revised:2018-03-06 Online:2018-06-10 Published:2018-06-10
  • About author:

    Author: Shi Zhenqin (1988-), PhD, specialized in regional development and land space management in mountain areas. E-mail: kevinszq@163.com

    *Corresponding author: Deng Wei (1957-), Professor, specialized in mountain environment and regional development.

    E-mail: dengwei@imde.ac.cn

Abstract:

The well-being is a complete expression on living actuality and satisfaction degree, referring to several factors such as wealth, education, health, security, facility, livelihood, and happiness. The rural residents under eco-migration facing new risks of economy, society and mentality should pay attention to improving well-being level and help for merging into immigrant areas and new life. Based on a microcosmic view of rural residents and supported by Amartya Sen Capacity Theory, this paper examines the influencing factors and mechanism of action on well-being of rural residents under eco-migration from farmers' demand by connecting literature researches and results of participatory rural appraisal as well as by establishing multidimensional index systems of the well-being of rural residents under eco-migration. The research shows that the rural residents' well-being under eco-migration presents a general pattern of "one body with two wings, ten points interact", because the immigrants face the combined impacts of family well-being, external well-being and psychological well-being, but the impact degrees are significantly different. The "main body" is that the external well-being plays a leading role while immigrants face well-being maintenance transfers to well-being improvement, and the "two wings" are the coactions of family well-being and psychological well-being with harmonious propulsion. The complicated coupling relationship of 10 vital functions (living standard, health, security, social bond, environmental culture, communication for information, time utilization, social adaptation, equal rights and life realization) influences directly or indirectly the integral level of rural residents' well-being to different degrees and shows a pattern of obvious focal point and echelon improvement. Of 10 vital functions, the effect of social bond is the most remarkable, the appeal for equal rights is the most intense, and indirect effect of time utilization is relatively obvious. Thus, the research suggests that the implementation of eco-migration should consider the family well-being, external well-being and psychological well-being of immigrants, focus on the relations of immigrant well-being and policy implementation, and ensure the rural residents under eco-migration adaptation to new environment in immigrant areas and enjoy a lasting, steady and high-level well-being by means of sustainable supply, important guarantee and omni-directional support of benefit farming policy.

Key words: well-being, ecological migration, rural residents, capacity approach, Lantian