GEOGRAPHICAL RESEARCH ›› 2018, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (8): 1655-1670.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201808014

Special Issue: 人地系统

• Orginal Article • Previous Articles    

Review for the methodologies on man-land relationship and man-land areal system in China

Yang LI1,2,3(), Qing TANG4()   

  1. 1. National Science Library, CAS, Beijing 100190, China
    2. China Center for Modernization Research, CAS, Beijing 100190, China
    3. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
    4. Bureau of Frontier Sciences and Education of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100864, China
  • Received:2018-02-26 Revised:2018-05-21 Online:2018-08-20 Published:2018-08-20
  • About author:

    Author: Shi Zhenqin (1988-), PhD, specialized in regional development and land space management in mountain areas. E-mail:

    *Corresponding author: Deng Wei (1957-), Professor, specialized in mountain environment and regional development.



Man-land relationship and man-land areal system is the core of theoretical research in geography, the methodology advances of which, can not only promote the further study on man-land relationship, but also effectively solve the comprehensive resource-environment issues during the economic and social development. Based on the extensive literature review on connotation and research progress of man-land relationship and man-land areal system, this paper summarizes various research methods on China's man-land relationship and man-land areal system from four aspects including philosophy and environmental history, sustainable development, research methods on man-land areal system, and integrated characterization methods on man-land relationship, and discusses the future development trend. (1) Along with the connotation evolution of man-land relationship and man-land areal system, its study methods have been developed, which enriches the theoretical connotation and methodological system of man-land relationship. (2) Different research methods on man-land areal system vary with their respective features, and each has its own applicability and limitations. Nevertheless, the synthetic research methods are the main development trend, such as ecological footprint and resources-environmental carrying capacity, which are the useful exploration of integrated study on man-land relationship. (3) The development trends of further research methodologies on man-land areal system include the integrated research methods coupling natural and human factors, the application of new technological means and new research methods, and the theoretical system of comprehensive research on natural endowment and resources and environment carrying capacity.

Key words: man-land relationship, man-land areal system (MLAS), sustainable development, resources and environment carrying capacity, natural endowment