GEOGRAPHICAL RESEARCH ›› 1982, Vol. 1 ›› Issue (4): 80-88.doi: 10.11821/yj1982040010

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Sheng Fuyao, Chen Daiguang   

  1. Institute of Geography Henan
  • Online:1982-12-15 Published:1982-12-15

Abstract: The Hui Min He is one of the four canals used for sending grain to Dong Jing (Kei Feng) in the Northern Song Dynasty, It played an important role in navigationThe Hui Min He River consists of three sections. Min He,Cai He and the canal from Da Liu dam of He Liu Chen to chang ping chen which emptied into the Cai He.with the exception of the Cai He, the other two rivers were all excavaed during the period of Northern Song Dynsty.This article basing on the records and field investigation, discusses the following questions.The purpose for the Northern Song Dynasty to excavate the Hui Min He was to solve the problem of water-shortage in the canal and the navigation in the southwest district of Henan province.The project of excavating the Hui Min He contains two parts.One begins near Ying Chang Fu (now named Hsu Chang) which was excavated to lead the wei He and Yi He to Dong Jing (Kei Feng), so that grain could be transported from the south west district to Dong Jing and the water source of the canal be replenished.The other one was excavated from Da Liu dam of He Liu-chen(now named Xiao Yao Chen of Xi Hua) to Chang-ping-chen(now situated in the northeast of xi Hua).Besides,the canal in Fang Cheng corridor was also excavated so as to link up the communication between the Yangtze River basin and the Huang.Huai River basin.This project, however, failed because of the lack of precision in designing and the inferior quality of engineering.The excavation of the Hui Min He by the Northern Song Dynasty realized partially the plan of sending water from south to north among the regions in Henan province and also promoted and facilitated navigation and irrigation.The excavating plan of Hui Min He the selection of its water route and the experience of success or failure are still today of practical significance in estabilishing the middle-route transfer of the Yangtze water northward.