GEOGRAPHICAL RESEARCH ›› 1992, Vol. 11 ›› Issue (2): 52-59.doi: 10.11821/yj1992020007

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THE STUDY OF THE CHANGE OF ANCIENT LAKE SHORE IN THE DATONG-YANGYAN BASIN

Xia Zhengkai   

  1. Geography Department, Peking University
  • Received:1990-03-07 Revised:1991-12-18 Online:1992-06-15 Published:1992-06-15

Abstract: The change of the ancient 1 ke shore is an important event of the paleogeo-graphical condition in the Datong-Yangyan basin during pleistocene.This paper, based on some evidences of geomorphology, sedimentology and palaeontology associated with the evolution of the lake, suggests that there are four ancient lake shore lines around the margin of the Datong-Yangyan basin. They are found at heights of 1150-1170m, 1100-1130m,1000-1070m and 900m above the sea level,and shows that the ancient Nihewan lake shore had two periods of advance and three periods of retreat during pleistocene. When the first advance and retreat occurred,the whole basin was almost occupied by water.The shore line had reached up to the piedmond zone, and formed two lacustrine terraces (1150-1170m and 1100-1130m). This event took place in the early pleis-tocene(Q1).From the late,early pleistocene(Q13)to the early, middle pleistocene (Q12),the lake shore decreased about 3-4km and the level of the late water went down to a height of 900m above the sea lavel. It formed a series of lake shore deposits in the Quaternary system.The second advance occurred in the middle pleistocene (Q2), and formed a lake abrasion-accumulation platform (1000-1070m). After this the level of the lake water declined quickly again and the lake disappeared entirely.It occurred from the late, middle-pleistocene to early, late-pleistocene (Q13).

Key words: ancient Nihewan lake, lake shore terraces, cultural relics of the ancient human being