GEOGRAPHICAL RESEARCH ›› 1997, Vol. 16 ›› Issue (1): 68-76.doi: 10.11821/yj1997010009

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A BRIEF DISCUSSION ON THE EIGHT TAIHANG PASSAGES AND THEIR VICISSITUDES IN THE HISTORY

Wang Shangyi   

  1. Shanxi Education college, Taiyuan 030031
  • Received:1996-05-27 Revised:1996-11-29 Online:1997-03-15 Published:1997-03-15

Abstract: The eight Taihang Passages are natural passages through Taihang Mountains. From south to north, they are in the order of Zhiguan Passage, Taihang Passage, White Passage, Fukou Passage, Jing Passage, Feigu Passage, Puyin Passage, and Jundu Passage successively. In the history, the eight Taihang passages played an improtant role bacause of their special geographical positions and tenable defence positions. From the pre-Qin days to Qing Dynasty, wars broke out constantly here. Although the dynasties shifted rapidly, it was always a anational policy to stabilize the state by relying on the strategical positions of Taihang Mountains and building passes there, According to their locations, the eight Taihang Passages were divided into two groups-four passage. in the north and another four in the south. Before the Song Dynasty, the country's political centers were distributed in Changan, Luoyang, Kaifeng, and Ye, and at that time occupying the four passages in the south was believed to help "uniting the states". Since the Song Dynasty, the politcal center was moved to Beijing and holding another four passages in the north would "stabilizing the country". The eight Taihang passages had a prize in ancient wars, and in turn the wars promoted the development of transportation. Therefore, the eight Taihang Passages, the passes and post stations in old days, were changed into today' s main lines of transportation, or even highways. Moreover, the eight Taihang Passages are also natural sightes given birth to by their landforms and endowed with human characters. These sights. together with a hundred or so historic sites developed in this area, have become the highly valuable resources of tourism, admiration and recuperation. It is clear that the planning and developing of these resources are of great improtance.

Key words: The eight taihang passages, vicissitudes

  • K928.6