GEOGRAPHICAL RESEARCH ›› 1997, Vol. 16 ›› Issue (3): 95-100.doi: 10.11821/yj1997030013

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ENWEST GEOSPHERE──ANTHROPOSPHE

Chen Zhirong   

  1. Institute of geophysics, Academia Sinica, Beijing 100101
  • Received:1996-10-03 Revised:1997-05-29 Online:1997-09-15 Published:1997-09-15

Abstract: The study of mankind as newest geosphere is a great theoretic subject in earth science.Anthroposphere (Human sphere) is a sphere of the earth with human being as the natural substance.It is a self-controllable open system which has incompletely closed circulation function and triple structure with culture predominating.At present anthroposphere is entering the new catastrophic period.The major reasons for our treating the anthroposphere as an independent earth sphere are as follows, (1) Human beings have already become a global integrity: (2) The anthroposphere is the product of the earth differentiation; (3) The strong interaction between the anthroposphere and the earth's natural world;(4) It has some features different form that of the biosphere; (5) It follows the same basic laws of the earth, s evolution as the earth system.The study of the anthroposphere has the following important significance.First it widens our knowledge of the earth system, and brings earth system science to the stage of modern earth system science which combines nature science and social science.Secondly it is advantagous to the study of the sources for global environmental deterioration and the basic conditions for the sustainable development from structural change of modern earth system.

Key words: anthroposphere, modern earth system science, global environment, sustainable development

PACS: 

  • P183