GEOGRAPHICAL RESEARCH ›› 2004, Vol. 23 ›› Issue (3): 403-410.doi: 10.11821/yj2004030014

• Earth Surface Processes • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Attraction categories and spatial characteristics in recreational belt around metropolis: Beijing case study

SU Ping, DANG Ning, WU Bi hu   

  1. The Center for Recreation and Tourism Research, Peking University, Beijing 100871,China
  • Received:2003-07-09 Revised:2003-12-20 Online:2004-06-15 Published:2004-06-15

Abstract:

As is well known China is experiencing a rapid progress in ReBAM tourism in recent years The situation has caught more and more attentions from many researchers The spatial distribution of attractions in the ReBAM has just been qualitatively demonstrated, while there is a big lack of quantitative analysis due to the limitation of data availability For this paper, the authors take 235 specific attractions as samples, which are picked from 14 districts apart from 4 old districts of Beijing, and explore deeply into attraction categories and spatial characteristics of Beijing on the basis of a large amount of statistical data and the predecessor's research According to the method of compound category, the authors cut attractions into nine categories with the attributes of tourism resource and travel activities But only four categories among the nine can be found in Beijing, and they are natural sightseeing resorts, human sightseeing resorts, artificial entertainment resorts and sports resorts Then the authors try to disclose the characteristics of attractions categories and spatial distribution in Beijing with the support of ReBAM theory, space structure and metrological geography and the method of GIS and call in survey Several quantitative methods are used such as rotating radius, spatial distribution curve, discrete index of attraction and so on With the data and the methods, the authors reach the following conclusions: The point of 60 km away from the city center is the critical point of attractions' spatial distribution, at that place where the pushing force of classified rents and the pulling force of traffic resistance get into balance So the area within 60 km from the city center is the optimal place for tourism industry, all the four categories can be found there While relatively less categories can be found in the area beyond 60 km away from the city center Most of the attractions are natural landscape category, which include natural sightseeing attractions and sport and recreation attractions rely on natural resource

Key words: Recreational Belt Around Metropolis (ReBAM), attraction categories, spatial characteristics, Beijing