GEOGRAPHICAL RESEARCH ›› 2006, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (3): 539-550.doi: 10.11821/yj2006030019

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Spatial structuring of the 'new economies' in Xi'an and its mechanisms

WANG Hui, TIAN Ping-ping, LIU Hong   

  1. Dep.of Urban &|Resource Science,Northwest University,Xi'an 710069,China
  • Received:2005-07-07 Revised:2006-01-21 Online:2006-06-15 Published:2006-06-15

Abstract:

Based on the latest digital data of "the 2nd National Census of Basic Economic Units in China" and other sources,taking the city of Xi'an as a case,the spatial dynamics and structure of the new economies',which consists of 'hi-tech-intensive manufacturing','hi-tech-intensive public services',and producer business services',in a typical Chinese city and the relevant mechanisms are analyzed in this paper.The results indecate that:(1) With the increase in the business units,the vast majority of the 'new economies' in the case city has been experiencing a spatial spreading since the 1990s,whereas the hi-tech-intensive manufactories and the finance/insurance/real estate businesses have tended to spatially cluster since 1994;(2) The spatial pattern of the growth of the new 'economies' in the city is shaped by both the processes of 'path-dependence' and 'creation of new favorable locations';the two state-level new special development zones(i.e. Xi'an Hi-tech Industrial Development Zone and Xi'an Economic & Technological Development Zone),the old city commercial center,and the most concentrated area of the universities and research institutes(termed 'university/research belt' in the paper) are the major places with the largest amount and highest growth of the 'new economy' units;(3) The new Hi-Tech Industrial Development Zone has been playing a significant role of the web-hub and growth-pole in the city's 'new economy' system because of its more favorable conditions and milieu for new economy' businesses,which are created by the synthetic effects of the three subsystems of the HTDZ development & proliferation subsystem,accommodating & supporting subsystem,and catalyzing & promoting subsystem;(4) The above facts imply that 'geographical proximity',i.e.choosing or moving towards the locations of more favorable conditions,is still one of the main location strategies taken by the new economy units;spatial 'distance' still matters to the new economies.

Key words: new economies, city, spatial structuring, mechanisms, Xi'an