GEOGRAPHICAL RESEARCH ›› 2007, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (3): 548-556.doi: 10.11821/yj2007030016

• Earth Surface Processes • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Club convergence of regional economicgrowth in Henan Province

QIN Cheng-lin1,2, TANG Yong2   

  1. 1. Key Research Center for Civilization and Sustainable Development of Yellow River, Henan University, Kaifeng 475001, Henan, China;
    2. College of Environment and Planning, Henan University, Kaifeng 475004, Henan,China
  • Received:2006-09-04 Revised:2007-02-12 Online:2007-05-25 Published:2007-05-25
  • Supported by:

    国家自然科学基金项目(40171025)、国家社会科学基金项目(03BJL052)阶段成果之一。

Abstract: The spatial relationships of regions are a very important factor affecting club convergence of regional economic growth. By using the method of Markov chains, we have studied the club convergence of regional economic growth in Henan province, China from 1990 to 2004. We defined the spatial relationships of regions for neighbor regional environment, and then, have studied its influence on the club convergence of regional economic growth in Henan province in the same period using spatial Markov chains. The results show that there were four convergence clubs of regional economic growth in Henan province during 1990~2004, namely, high income club, middle-high income club, middle-low income club, and low income club. The spatial distribution patterns of the four convergence clubs were that high income club located mainly in central regions and northwest border regions of Henan province presents a C-shaped pattern with Zhengzhou, Luoyang and Jiaozuo as its pivot. The middle-high income club was mainly around the high income club. The low income club is a Y-shaped region that was composed of two parts, one was the east plain of Henan to the east of Beijing-Guangzhou railway, and the other was a northwest-southeast zone with low income in the west of Henan. The middle-low income club was relatively dispersed in space, mainly in Nanyang basin, as well as the border regions in the north of Henan. The high income club and low income club were more steady and expanded continuously in space. The levels and spatial structure of regional economic growth in Henan province have been more and more polarized. As a whole, the neighbor regional environment of a region had influences regularly on its economic growth and its transfer path from one convergence club to another. The economic growth and the probability of transferring into middle-low income club of a low income region were correlative with the economic growth levels of its neighbor regions positively. The middle-low income regions tended to be into low income convergence club. If its neighbor regions were with higher economic growth levels, the probability transferring into high income club of a middle-high income region was higher. Whereas, if the economic growth levels of its neighbor regions were lower, the probability of transferring into middle-low income club of a middle-high income region was higher. The economic growth and its steadiness of a high income region were less influenced by its neighbor regions. In addition, the regions that transferred from a club to another almost congregated in two or more than two regions in space.

Key words: convergence of regional economic growth, club convergence, Markov chains, spatial Markov chains, Henan province