GEOGRAPHICAL RESEARCH ›› 2007, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (3): 577-589.doi: 10.11821/yj2007030019

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Spatial impacts of New Economies and the implications for city planning and decision-making

WANG Hui   

  1. Dep. of Urban &|Resource Science, Northwest University, Xi'an 710069, China
  • Received:2006-06-18 Revised:2007-03-28 Online:2007-05-25 Published:2007-05-25
  • Supported by:

    国家自然科学基金资助项目 (40271046)及其配套资助对外交流与合作项目 (40310104018);国家教育部"十五"规划项目 (01JC790012):国家留学基金出国访问学者项目 (2003861059);德国北莱茵-威斯法仑州政府国际交流与合作Heinrich-Hertz基金项目;英国科学院国际交流与合作K.C.Wong Fellowship项目。

Abstract: The rise of New Economies, which refer to those knowledge-based, new-technology-intensive, innovation-driven, services-dominated, and globalized economic activities, has been impacting on cities in many aspects. Taking the city of Xi'an as a case, viewed from a perspective of urban geography, based on a variety of empirical data as well as some widely acknowledged understandings of the inherent features of New Economies, some representative spatial impacts (or potential impacts) of New Economies on the ongoing urban transformation of Chinese cities are analyzed in this paper. Besides, the implications of these impacts for city planning and decision-making are also discussed, and some suggestions on policies are given accordingly. The results indicate that: (1) with the development of New Economies, the spatial pattern of the city's industrial space has been transformed, in which the city's new development zones and university belt are growing up into vigorous and productive new industrial spaces, while the traditional old industrial districts declining into stagnant and problematic areas; (2) with the development of New Economies, there has been also an evident growth of office-buildings and relevant facilities; (3) because of the inherent connection between the two major branches of New Economies, i.e. the hi-tech industries and the advanced producer services, the city's Hi-tech Industrial Development Zone (HTDZ) are developing not only into a cluster of hi-tech industries but also a high concentration of various modern services and emerging as the city's new CBD; (4) the compatibility of New Economies with residential plots has led to a synchronous development and spatial integration of New Economic area with residential area;and (5) with the development of New Economies, there may also be an intensified polarization of urban socio-economic space.

Key words: New Economies, spatial impacts, implications, city planning