GEOGRAPHICAL RESEARCH ›› 2007, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (5): 984-994.doi: 10.11821/yj2007050015

• Economy and Regional Development • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Locational accessibility and location of foreign enterprises in Beijing

ZHANG Hua1, HE Can-fei2   

  1. 1. School of Geography, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China;
    2. Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
  • Received:2006-11-11 Revised:2007-03-26 Online:2007-09-25 Published:2007-09-25
  • Supported by:

    国家自然科学基金项目(40401015)和国家自然基金重点项目(40535027)

Abstract: To understand urban restructuring process, the intra-urban location behavior of foreign enterprises should be fully investigated.Due to the lack of disaggregated data, few studies have focused on the intra-urban location of foreign enterprises. Compared with their domestic counterparts, foreign enterprises are rational decision-makers and have more flexibility in choosing their locations. Governed by market forces, foreign enterprises are not randomly distributed within a city and their location patterns are detectable. Based on data from the second census of basic units, this study geo-references foreign enterprises in Beijing by their postal codes and captures site attributes through cross-referencing enterprises distribution with other spatial coverage such as railway stations, airports, land uses, and designated development zones.The Poisson regression model is applied since the dependent variables are the number of foreign enterprises within a particular postal code. Statistical results show that foreign enterprises tend to agglomerate in the central city and are located close to the important transport infrastructure such as railway stations, airports and highways. Statistical results suggest that locational accessibility plays a crucial role in attracting foreign enterprises within Beijing. Proximity to universities, embassies and industrial parks are also important locational determinants for foreign enterprises. Significant differences exist in the locational behaviors of different types of foreign enterprises.

Key words: foreign enterprise, Poisson regression model, accessibility, Beijing