GEOGRAPHICAL RESEARCH ›› 2008, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (4): 949-962.doi: 10.11821/yj2008040023

• Culture and Tourism • Previous Articles     Next Articles

A preliminary study on research system and methods of tourism migration

YANG Zhao1,2, LU Lin1   

  1. 1. College of Territorial Resources and Tourism, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu 241000, China;
    2. School of Geographic and Oceanographic Sciences of Nanjing University,Nanjing 210093, China
  • Received:2007-09-05 Revised:2008-01-22 Online:2008-07-25 Published:2008-07-25
  • Supported by:

    国家自然科学基金资助项目 (40771059);安徽省教育厅人文社会科学重点研究基地项目(2008sk082zd)

Abstract:

Recently a new phenomenon of population migration based on mass tourism-tourism migration-has been highly concerned by foreign scholars. In China, though this phenomenon has emerged and is progressing, little importance is attached. In the West, verification analysis is emphasized in the research of tourism migration, which finds expression in the discussion of the relationship between tourism and migration, while leaving the vacancy of the definition of this phenomenon as well as its research system. Based on of analysis the related foreign literature and verification researches, the author defines the concept of tourism migration which is classified into two types of tourism labor migration and tourism consumption migration, and further subdivides the former into entrepreneurial migration and employment migration and the latter into lifestyle migration and tourism retirement migration. And three researching aspects about tourism migration are confirmed: first, behavioral theoretic researches, covering the contents such as demographic features of tourism migration groups, type divisions, behavioral rules, psychological perception and self-cognition; second, motivational theoretic researches, including those on dynamic factors, dynamic mechanism, migration policies and social networks; and third, social impacts researches, with the focus on the culture assimilation and conflict, the impacts on the local area, the evolution and management of the destination and the VFR tourism. Moreover, the central contents of the three aspects are interpreted and eventually the research system of tourism migration is constructed. Finally, proceeding from foreign studies and personal researches, the author puts forward some referential theories such as migratory dynamics, praxiology, sociology, as well as some material study methods such as qualitative methods, quantitative methods and comparative research, long-term station observation, case study and some aspects that need further attention. These studies have preliminarily discussed Chinese tourism migration in theory and methods.

Key words: tourism migration, tourism labor migration, tourism consumption migration, research system, study method