GEOGRAPHICAL RESEARCH ›› 2009, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (2): 402-408.doi: 10.11821/yj2009020014

• Geo-information Science • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Calculation of grass production and balance of livestock carrying capacity in rangeland region of Northeast China

XU Bin, YANG Xiu-chun   

  1. Institute of Agricultural Resources and Regional Planning, CAAS, Beijing 100081, China
  • Received:2008-09-23 Revised:2008-12-10 Online:2009-03-25 Published:2009-03-25
  • Supported by:

    "十一五 "国家科技支撑计划 (2006BAD16B05-2);国家高技术研究发展专项 (863)(2006AA 10Z242)

Abstract:

Biomass on the grassland is the main indicator of balance of livestock carrying capacity, and is also an important reference for the sustainable development and management of the grassland. Based on the progress in this field at home and abroad, this paper aims to conduct research on the grassland monitoring under the guidance of the Ministry of Agriculture of China. Supported by high-precision data sources of grassland, we studied the calculation of grass production and balance of livestock carrying capacity in the rangeland region of Northeast China. The main conclusions are as follows: (1) The index model is the most appropriate one for the calculation of grass production. The accuracy of the yield estimation model is more than 80%. (2) In 2007, the output of fresh grass amounts to 169,160 thousand tons, equivalent to 50,940 thousand tons of hay, and fresh weight per unit area is 4562 kg/ha, equaling 1374 kg/ha of dry weight; (3) In 2007, pastoral areas and semi-pastoral areas are generally overgrazed. The balance rate of livestock carrying capacity of the pastoral areas is 32.23%, and that of the semi-pastoral areas is 48.51%. There are three counties stocking deficiently, 11 counties stocking appropriately, 31 countries stocking avergrazed, 11 counties stocking seriously overgrazed, and one county stocking extremely overgrazed. Among the 57 countries, more than 43 countries are stocking overgrazed or even extremely overgrazed, accounting for 75% of the total. This article can provide a basis for the scientific plan of the development of animal husbandry in the rangeland region of Northeast China.

Key words: rangeland region of Northeast China, grass production, balance of livestock carrying capacity, remote sensing (RS)