GEOGRAPHICAL RESEARCH ›› 2011, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (1): 10-22.doi: 10.11821/yj2011010002

• Earth Surface Processes • Previous Articles     Next Articles

The models of traditional culture landscape conservation based on landscape fragmentation analysis: A case study of Zhibuzhen in Zhejiang Province

WANG Yun-cai   

  1. Landscape Studies Department, College of Architecture and Urban Planning, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, China
  • Received:2010-04-03 Revised:2010-08-30 Online:2011-01-20 Published:2011-01-20

Abstract: In order to monitor and assess the extent of the impacts of development on historic integrity, this research tries to provide a tool for doing this, draws on the experiences of natural ecological space fragmentation and researches the spatial and temporal process and landscape patterns of the traditional culture landscape taking the total human ecosystem as a local habitat of humans. Zhibuzhen, located in the north of Zhuji City in Zhejiang Province, is the focus of this research. The fragmentation level of the traditional cultural landscape is evident with small amounts of decline from 2005 (0.0301) to 2007 (0.029), which was influenced by modern industrial land-use, multi-pond, modern commercial land-use, modern architecture development, modern yard and design changes in traditional open space and modern open space, which are divided into the active, passive and neutral patches with different functions.
Based on these, the models of traditional culture landscape space conservation are discussed. (1) Establishing the network of traditional culture landscape spaces, remaining traditional architecture spaces with large areas and as the passive factor in each core reservation area and removing the modern architecture spaces which are next to and as the active patches. The active patches were organized to control the scale and style of these patches and connect the two centers with natural or semi-natural corridors to decrease the fragmentation of total landscape. (2) Establishing the integrating models through setting up comprehensive rural settlements, adjusting landscape spaces of traditional village and rebuilding micro corridors and eco-steps at the village level. (3) Optimizing landscape factors through developing the active factors in right way, conserving the passive factors in order to keep its continuity and implanting the neutral factors into and around traditional culture landscape in order to interweave and surround traditional landscapes.
In this case the landscape should be managed according to different spaces and different attributes at the town level. A buffer system can be established based on natural landscape, farmland, man-made lakes, green belts and city or rural parks. The preserved village as a central knot of the traditional network should be surrounded by enough buffer spaces. So, this research demonstrates that the traditional culture landscape network and modern landscape network can coexist in an interweaving network.

Key words: fragmentation, conservation, cultural landscape space, town area level, Zhibuzhen