GEOGRAPHICAL RESEARCH ›› 2011, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (3): 424-436.doi: 10.11821/yj2011030004

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Spatial analysis on urban public service facilities of Guangzhou City during the economy system transformation

GAO Jun-bo1, ZHOU Chun-shan2, WANG Yi-min1, JIANG Hai-yan2,3   

  1. 1. College of Urban and Environment Science, Xinyang Normal University, Xinyang 464000, Henan, China;
    2. Center for Urban and Regional Research, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China;
    3. College of Archifecture and Urban Planning, Guangdong University of Techology, Guangzhou 510090, China
  • Received:2010-05-08 Revised:2010-11-02 Online:2011-03-20 Published:2011-03-20

Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to analyze the spatial pattern, characteristics of equity and its formational mechanism of urban public service facilities in Guangzhou city by constructing the integrated equity index model, using three-dimensional simulation and spatial autocorrelation techniques based on GIS. We concluded that the urban public service facilities of Guangzhou shows a core-periphery spatial distribution pattern. There are great differences of public service facilities provision in different districts of Guangzhou, and the public service facilities provision are not coordinated with the population distribution, which is significantly different from aggregation levels among different districts and facilities. The general provision level of urban public service facilities is found to be low and has an unbalanced distribution. And the spatial distribution of comprehensive fair level is a single center circle structure, with the Yuexiu and northern Haizhu district as the core, and the differences between the central city and peripheral areas are distinct. The geographical environment, historical accumulatition, economic development and the reform of institutions and policies during the transitional period have been the main factors driving the evolution of spatial patterns of urban public services in Guangzhou, which was the result of interaction of 'urban ecological law' and 'professional decision-making mechanism'. Finally, this article proposes that the spatial distribution research of urban public service facilities should combine the macro-spatial analysis with micro-survey from the facilities-user standpoint, which can guide public facilities provision and help to realize the'equalization of public services'.

Key words: urban public service facilities, spatial equity, Guangzhou City