GEOGRAPHICAL RESEARCH ›› 2012, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (5): 899-908.doi: 10.11821/yj2012050013

• Earth Surface Processes • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Spatial structure of the Capital Metropolitan Region in China: An empirical study of the employment distributions by sectors

ZHANG Dan1, SUN Tie-shan2, LI Guo-ping2   

  1. 1. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China;
    2. School of Government, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
  • Received:2011-08-15 Revised:2012-02-02 Online:2012-05-20 Published:2012-05-20

Abstract: The Capital Metropolitan Region of China includes Beijing,Tianjin,and seven cities of Hebei Province.It has been generally considered that the Capital Metropolitan Region of China is characterized by a "Dual-Core" spatial structure,with Beijing and Tianjin as the center cities.Based on the data of Second Economic Census in industrial employment,we analyze the employment of 18 sectors in the Capital Metropolitan Region in 2008.In order to reexamine the features of such a structure,we use the regional density function in this paper,which is generally applied to the structure analysis in the urban study.The results show that although the spatial structure of the region does show a "Beijing-Tianjin" dual-core feature on the whole,it varies in different sectors.The employed population is concentrated in Beijing,Tianjin,Tangshan and Baoding,especially in Beijing and Tianjin.Beijing is the regional center of service sectors,especially in producer services.As for consumer services,there are two regional centers,with Beijing as the main center and Tianjin as the sub-center.In the sector of public services such as sanitation,social security and welfare,public management and social organization,there is a multiple-center structure with Beijing,Tianjin,Tangshan and Baoding as the main centers.As for the secondary industry,besides Beijing and Tianjin,Tangshan presents a third regional center due to its significance in the employed population in manufacturing and building industries.The whole region comprises two hierarchies,central area and peripheral area.The central area,including Beijing,Tianjin,Tangshan,Baoding and Langfang,with a large employed population,performs most functions in each sector;while Qinhuangdao,Chengde,Zhangjiakou and Cangzhou,as the peripheral area,constitute the sub-economic area of the region.In summary,the study shows that the spatial structure of the Capital Metropolitan Region in China is a polycentric structure with the core-periphery pattern.

Key words: the Capital Metropolitan Region, distribution of employment, spatial structure, regional density function