GEOGRAPHICAL RESEARCH ›› 2012, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (7): 1339-1351.doi: 10.11821/yj2012070016

• Earth Surface Processes • Previous Articles     Next Articles

The spatial morphological evolution of RBD and its determining mechanism in a typical scenic tourist city: The case study of Yangshuo County

CHEN Zhi-gang1,2,3, BAO Ji-gang2,3   

  1. 1. School of Tourism and Environment, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an 710062, China;
    2. School of Tourism Management, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China;
    3. Center for Tourism Planning & Research, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
  • Received:2011-08-13 Revised:2012-03-02 Online:2012-07-20 Published:2012-07-20

Abstract: Based on the definition of RBD and in-depth interviews,this paper describes the emergence and development of a RBD in Yangshuo County,a typical scenic tourist city,using the shape index and land-use dynamic index,and also analyzes its determining factors and development trajectory.The findings are as follows.1.The formation of the RBD originated from West Street and fueled by the development of tourism.With West Street as its core,the RBD springs out and form spatial patterns like a cross shape,an H shape,north and south bisected rectangle shapes,and a checkerboard shape.During 1979 and 2005,spatial configuration of the RBD transformed from a linear pattern to a network one.And the land use change dynamic has picked up speed since 2003 after a long period of slow and steady growth.2.Influenced by the land market,local government policies,mega-events,control and so on,the RBD shows a temporary equilibrium under the dual impact of positive feedbacks such as "tourism investment and the size of tourism industry," and "the number of visitors and the size of tourism industry," and negative feedbacks such as "consumer expectations and the number of visitors," "destination reputation and the number of visitors," and "the size of tourism industry and land price." 3.Due to the presence of bid rent and collective choice action of interested groups,the morphological change of RBDs is an invariable outcome of spatial reconfiguration.Quantitative delineation of their boundaries and measurement of their externalities are issues worth exploring in follow-up studies.

Key words: RBD, spatial morphological change, determining mechanism