GEOGRAPHICAL RESEARCH ›› 2014, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (1): 83-95.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201401008

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Spatial evolution of automobile industry in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Metropolitan Region

HUANG Pingting, ZHANG Xiaoping   

  1. College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2012-11-22 Revised:2013-06-19 Online:2014-01-10 Published:2014-01-10

Abstract: A changing industrial structure, which is caused by industrial agglomeration and dispersion, can lead to spatial reconstruction of a city. With the development of the industry, production is becoming fragmented, thus it is helpful to seek ways of optimizing regional spatial structure through researching regional industrial chain. Based on firm-level data, this paper attempts to portray the spatial distribution pattern of automobile manufacture enterprises in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Metropolitan Region, to find out the agglomeration and dispersion characteristics of these enterprises in this region, to explore geographical differences among different sessions of the automotive industry and to analyze the driving forces of the micro-enterprise spatial pattern. The research results show that the agglomeration degree of auto industry was low in 1996; In 2001, two agglomeration centers emerged and such tendency has been reinforced in 2010, with the emergence of a few new cores. Auto parts and accessories manufacturing were mostly distributed at urban function extended districts and urban development zones (Chaoyang, Tongzhou, Daxing, etc.) of Beijing, suburban areas (Xiqing, Dongli, etc.) of Tianjin and Cangzhou, Lanfang of Hebei province as well. While for automobile maintenance firms, urban functional development areas (Fengtai, Chaoyang) in Beijing, the six urban districts and Binhai New Area of Tianjin, and Tangshan and Shijiazhuang in Hebei province are their main areas of agglomeration. Through quantitative research based on conditional logit model, market conditions, agglomeration economies and policy guidance are proven to be possible factors affecting the distribution of auto firms.

Key words: automobile industry, spatial pattern, urban structure, Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Metropolitan Region