GEOGRAPHICAL RESEARCH ›› 1984, Vol. 3 ›› Issue (1): 34-40.doi: 10.11821/yj1984010006

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PROFESSOR ZHU KEZHEN (CO-CHING CHU) AND THE SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH OF NATURAL RESOURCES OF CHINA

Shen Changjiang   

  1. Commission for Integrated Survey of Natural Resources, Academia Sinica, Beijing
  • Online:1984-03-15 Published:1984-03-15

Abstract: This paper was written in the tenth anniversary of the pass away of Professor Zhu Ke-Zhen, Late Vice-President of Academia Sinica and Director of the Commission for Integrated Survey of Natural Resources, Academia Sinica. The author stated here the contribution of Professor Zhu to the integrated survey of natural resources of China.Professor Zhu was the forerunner and the founder of the scientific field of work in China for half a century, particularly since 1949.He not only pointed out that the direction and programme of the work must be in close contact with the economic construction and that the survey must be developed with the relative fields of science. But also he formulated the basic theory and methodology of the integrated survey of natural resources. He organized a lot of comprehensive investigation teams from North to South and from East to West in China in the 50's and 60's.Professor Zhu had thought much in this field. The author here only discussed a part of his thought stressing on the holism of natural resources and the suitability of their utilisation in different areas. Professor Zhu had given very rich and systematic discussions in his papers and articles early at the time before the International Biological Programme (IBP) was carried out. His academic thought is also useful in the present for the Four Modernisations of the economic construction and the rational utilization of natural resources in our country.