GEOGRAPHICAL RESEARCH ›› 2020, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (1): 115-128.doi: 10.11821/dlyj020181028

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Temporal-spatial relationship between health resources and residents' health in Southern China

GONG Shengsheng, CHEN Yun   

  1. College of Urban and Environmental Science / Institute of Sustainable Development, Central China Normal University, Wuhan 430079, China
  • Received:2018-09-25 Revised:2019-02-20 Online:2020-01-20 Published:2020-03-20

Abstract:

Health is not only the basic human right, but also the foundation of personal happiness and national prosperity. Over the past 40 years of reform and opening up, Chinese residents' health has continued to improve. Health resources are the material basis for maintaining residents' health, and residents' health level is closely related to health resources level. At present, there are significant regional differences in health resources and residents' health in China. Promoting equalization level of health resources and reducing regional differences in residents' health are an important goal of "Healthy China" construction and also a vital task of health geography research. Therefore, it is of great academic value and practical significance to study the relationship between health resources and residents' health in China. Based on the coefficient of variation, geographic mapping and GWR, this paper analyzed the temporal and spatial variations of health resources and residents' health in Southern China from 2000 to 2015, and the temporal-spatial relationship between health resources and residents' health. The results showed that:

(1) In the past 15 years, the health resources level of most of municipalities in Southern China (96.02%) has been continuously improving. Meanwhile, the spatial difference of health resources level gradually decreases, and the equalization level continues to increase, which is reflected as the continuous expansion of high-value region, the shrinking of low-value region and the decline of the coefficient of variation of municipalities by 23.29%. Furthermore, the western Sichuan Plateau, the Yangtze River Delta and the Pearl River Delta are the high value-region of health resources.

(2) In the past 15 years, the residents' health level of all municipalities in southern China has been continuously improving. The spatial difference of residents' health level from east to west is obvious, but the high-value region expands continuously, the low-value region shrinks continuously, the spatial difference decreases greatly and the coefficient of variation of municipalities decreased by 64.62%.

(3) In Southern China, residents' health level is moderately positively correlated with the health resources level (r=0.49), but in different cities, the contributions of health resources level to residents' health level are different, which shows significant spatial heterogeneity effects.

Key words: health resources, residents' health, the temporal-spatial relationship, Southern China