GEOGRAPHICAL RESEARCH ›› 2010, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (6): 1069-1082.doi: 10.11821/yj2010060012

• Economy and Regional Development • Previous Articles     Next Articles

A case study on vocation space of permanent population and floating population in the context of social stratification

LIN Geng, WANG Lian-jun   

  1. Center for Urban and Regional Studies, Department of Urban and Regional Planning, School of Geography and Planning, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
  • Received:2009-06-05 Revised:2009-12-24 Online:2010-06-20 Published:2010-06-20


Using the 5th census data with urban districts (counties, cities) as the basic geographic units, this paper analyzes the relationship between gender and vocation space based on research into 133 samples of 21 cities. Through an analysis of vocational composition and vocational typical areas of permanent population and floating population respectively, the authors come to some conclusions: (1) Permanent population has more diversified distribution in vocation space and is more organizational than floating population. None of them have produced an effect of social polarization, and the polarization of income and vocation distribution also does not create polarization of social space, but show a feature of quasi social polarization. (2) Vocation structure of both permanent population and floating population shows characteristics of middle-class and orientation to central city in space. High income groups who are trained with professional skill and highet education are dominating in both of them. Among permanent population, some are employed in agriculture and others in service industry. But the majority of floating people are employed in manufacturing sector. The difference between them does not show a strong contrast like core and periphery. Many studies compare permanent population with floating population in the context of itself and the others. Floating population is frequently regarded as the peripheral group. This paper provides a geographical annotation. But more subsequent research is needed to demonstrate whether the difference in vocation will cause structural social stratification between permanent population and floating population.

Key words: vocation space, permanent population, floating population, stratification, Guangdong Province