GEOGRAPHICAL RESEARCH ›› 2011, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (4): 747-757.doi: 10.11821/yj2011040016

• Earth Surface Processes • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Temporal-spatial distribution of mining heritages in China: The perspective of officially protected site/entity

DAI Xiang-yi, QUE Wei-min   

  1. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
  • Received:2010-07-02 Revised:2010-10-12 Online:2011-04-20 Published:2011-04-20

Abstract: The officially protected site/entity system has proved to be the most influential protection mechanism concerning the cultural heritage in modern China. This paper established a database for mining heritage of China by searching and extracting mining heritage items from lists of officially protected sites/entities announced by governments at all levels. Results indicate that: (1) most of the mining heritages, while remaining in congregated distribution patterns with the same type of minerals, are located in the coastal provinces of eastern China and the central provinces; (2) mining heritages have been selected from a long time span and heritages formed between Zhou Dynasty and Qing Dynasty have been given more attention. This study also indicates that the distribution of mining heritage in the officially protected site/entity system was influenced by the factors of heritage resource,including mineral resource, social economic development level and the accessibility of transportation, as well as by the systematic factors in the protection of cultural relics such as related regulations and ideologies.

Key words: mining heritage, officially protected site/entity, temporal-spatial distribution, China