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    The influence of Pan-Asia High-speed Railway construction on spatial relation between Southwest China′s frontier area and Indo-China Peninsula
    Yingyi MA, Yuqi LU, Wenqian KE, Bowen CHEN
    GEOGRAPHICAL RESEARCH    2015, 34 (5): 825-837.   doi: 10.11821/dlyj201505003
    Abstract912)   HTML14)    PDF (10353KB)(2646)      

    As an important part of China′s "Going Global" strategy, the construction of "Pan-Asia High-speed Railways" can enhance cross-border cooperation not only between China and Indo-China Peninsula, but also between China and Southeast Asia. Based on aspects of accessibility changes and spatial pattern evolution, this paper explores the influence on spatial relation between border areas of Southwest China and Indo-China Peninsula, which has been brought up by the construction of Pan-Asia High-speed Railways. The results indicate that the construction of Pan-Asia High-speed Railways has generated time-space astringency effect of accessibility both on global and local levels, reduces relative disparity inside the study area to a certain extent, and brings more balance on the degree of transportation convenience along the trunk railways in the study area. It promotes the enhancement of population and GDP service level in the whole region as well, and will lead to a variability from country to country.Relatively speaking, countries with a large population or great economic powers in the research area can have easy access to to the high-speed railways. What′s more, the construction of Pan-Asia High-speed Railways can not only highlight the location advantages of the cities and autonomous prefectures along the railway line, like Kunming city, but also promote regional integration along the mid-route of the line. As a traffic point of connection, Kunming connects China′s western border area and Indo-China Peninsula, links China′s interior heartland and Southeast Asia and even takes up the position as a bridgehead of China′s opening up to the Southeast Asia. Pan-Asia High-speed Railways even strengthen the intensity of spatial relation between the cities and autonomous prefectures in the border area of Southwest China and countries or capital cities in Indo-China Peninsula, especially the ones along the high-speed railways, and it shapes a "^" style pattern of spatial relation, which is an enclosure of Kunming (Qujing)-Bangkok and Kunming (Qujing)-Hanoi. In the end, some targeted suggestions for policy making are provided based on the main research conclusions.

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    A study on trade pattern of China with Russia and Central Asia
    Peiping GONG, Zhouying SONG, Weidong LIU
    GEOGRAPHICAL RESEARCH    2015, 34 (5): 812-824.   doi: 10.11821/dlyj201505002
    Abstract1004)   HTML2)    PDF (8817KB)(697)      

    As important member states of Shanghai Cooperation Organization and key areas of the Silk Road Economic Belt, Russia and Central Asia are gaining a closer and closer relationship with China, which will play a much more important role in ensuring China's geopolitical security and promoting the opening-up of Chinese inland provinces in the future. Under this background, this paper employs Trade Intensity Index, Trade Complementarity Index and Export Concentration Index to depict the dynamics of China's trade with Russia and Central Asia during 1992-2012. Thereafter, the spatial pattern and industrial structure of China's trade with Russia and Central Asia in 2012 are studied thoroughly with special attention paid to the spatial pattern of trade in several key commodities. At last, based on the historical data of China's trade, the authors make a brief predication for the prospects of China's trade cooperation with Russia and Central Asia to the year 2020. The main conclusions are as follows: (1) China's trade intensity and trade complementarity with Russia & Central Asia have been increasing over the past 20 years. Besides, the range of commodities imported from Russia and Central Asia has been extended dramatically. (2) Primary energy and raw materials account for a large proportion in export from Russia and Central Asia to China, while the commodities exported from China to those countries are mainly composed of machinery equipments, textile and clothing. (3) The provincial structure of China's export trade to Russia and Central Asia is the result of a combination of cross-border trade and geographical specialization in China, while China's import trade from those countries is mainly affected by cross-border trade as well as spatial distribution of energy demands. (4) In 2020, the trade volume of China with Russia and Central Asia is expected to exceed 400 billion dollars, among which Turkmenistan will account for a much higher proportion. The commodity structure of China's export will be improved to some extent while that of China's import is more likely to remain the same. Besides, the status of some richer inland provincial units, such as Chongqing, Shaanxi and Sichuan, will be enhanced significantly in China's trade with Russia and Central Asia.

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