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    The progress and prospect of innovation geographyresearch in the West
    Yu DENG, Yuefang SI
    GEOGRAPHICAL RESEARCH    2016, 35 (11): 2041-2052.   DOI: 10.11821/dlyj201611004
    Abstract1004)   HTML8)    PDF (1046KB)(626)      

    Innovation rather than land, capital and other factors becomes the new driver of economic development. In recent 35 years, researchers have made fundamental contributions to the understanding of the innovation process by exploring the location of R&D centers, the geography of high-technology industries, the diffusion of knowledge, etc. This paper systematically examines the history of the Western research on innovation geography, by summarizing the main researchers and their analyzing spatial scale, methodology and main findings every 5 years from 1991 to 2015. From 1991 to 1995, researchers mainly illustrated the geographical features of innovation activities as concentration in places. From 1996 to 2000, researchers explored the dynamics of innovation agglomeration, by focusing on the role of institutions. The period of 2001 to 2005 witnessed the booming of innovation geography research, especially the role of distant knowledge and global pipeline. From 2006 on, the evolutionary turn took the innovation geography research into the study of innovation network description and exploration. In summary, the Western innovation geography research has endured a dynamical development in the last 35 years; however, it has three shortcomings: neglecting the relationship between individuals and the organization, under-development of methodology, and thinking little of innovation policies and practices in developing economies. Therefore, we propose three fields to be studied to develop a new theoretical framework based on the developing economies: (1) the role of individual and organization as innovators; (2) the combination of quantitative and qualitative research; and (3) the innovation characters of developing economies.

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    Measures on soil baseline determination for environmental damage identification and assessment
    Xuegang GONG, Xiaoyong LIAO, Xiulan YAN, You LI, Kun YANG, Dan ZHAO
    GEOGRAPHICAL RESEARCH    2016, 35 (11): 2025-2040.   DOI: 10.11821/dlyj201611003
    Abstract1784)   HTML6)    PDF (1358KB)(756)      

    In recent years, environmental pollution accidents occur frequently in China, which gives rise to serious environmental damage. Environmental damage identification and assessment is one of the most important environmental protection measures to cope with damage, while baseline is the key to determine the nature and extent of injuries or damages. As a crucial component of environmental damage assessment and restoration activity, baseline determination is the key technology link of scientific assessment and the important premise for a fair damage assessment, which can be used for the environmental damage identification and assessment in China. There are four widely used methods that can determine the baseline of environment or resources in developed countries: historical data, reference area data, environmental standards and models. Firstly, this paper analyzed these methods systematically, and summarized their advantages and disadvantages based on the theory and case studies. Then it discussed the specific steps of all kinds of baseline determination methods. Furthermore, we summed up knowledge on soil or soil environment, which is closely related to soil baseline determination in China, and proposed the basic principles of soil baseline determination for environmental damage identification and assessment. In conclusion, we recommended the "4 steps" operating procedure for determining soil baseline, which provides a valuable academic perspective and gives a scientific guidance for soil environmental damage identification and assessment in China.

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    Research progress and influence of series of consulting reports of urbanization
    Mingxing CHEN, Yinghua GONG
    GEOGRAPHICAL RESEARCH    2016, 35 (11): 2015-2024.   DOI: 10.11821/dlyj201611002
    Abstract1111)   HTML0)    PDF (1026KB)(561)      

    In March, 2014, the "National New Urbanization Planning (2014-2020)" was issued, indicating that China's urbanization has entered into a transition period from "quantity growth" to "quality improvement". The transformation of the national policies in urbanization is the result of long-time multidisciplinary researches on urbanization, with the collective wisdom of many scholars. Academician Lu Dadao took the lead in research on a series of consulting reports of urbanization, which is a symbolic achievement and has played a key role in the transformation of policies in urbanization. This paper reviewed the main content of the consulting reports, as well as the substantive promotion and influence they have on the relevant ministries and commissions of the nation. We believe that the discipline of human and economic geography should undertake the function of national think tank, and strengthen basic researches to support the policies. Urbanization is an important part of geographic research, and the new-type urbanization has provided a broader space, and we should have a strong sense of responsibility and scientific spirit.

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