GEOGRAPHICAL RESEARCH ›› 2015, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (6): 1005-1014.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201506001

• Orginal Article •     Next Articles

One Belt and One Road: The grand geo-strategy of China's rise

Debin DU1,2, Yahua MA2,3   

  1. 1. School of Urban and Regional Science, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China
    2. Institute for Innovation and Strategic Studies, East China Normal University, Shanghai 20062, China
    3. School of Business, Shanghai Normal University, Shanghai 200235, China
  • Received:2015-04-04 Revised:2015-04-30 Online:2015-07-12 Published:2015-07-12

Abstract:

Currently, the rise of China has led its development history into a particular stage. With the economic interests spreading to every part of the world and facing a tighter external constraint, China has to make a geo-strategic breakthrough urgently. As the structural defect remains in the comprehensive strength of China, its global strategy should be firstly deployed in Eurasia, which has been the center of the world political arena. As the first attempt that China has made to reshape Eurasia in the new geographical and historical situation, the "One Belt and One Road" Initiative has pointed out a geographic direction for China's global strategy in the 21st century. The two "Silk Roads" run through the rimland of southern Eurasia and the heartland of central Eurasia, connecting almost total strategic pivots in this continent from east to west spatially. Its successful implementation will endow China with the ability to create the strategic position of Eurasia, greatly improve China's external security environment and expand its interests borderland. From the spatial dimension and the time dimension, this paper analyzes the geo-strategic meaning of the "One Belt and One Road" Initiative, predicts the four possible geo-strategic risks in its enforcement and summarizes its five geographic pivots. Based on these, the authors try to sketch the contours of the "One Belt and One Road" geo-strategy.

Key words: One Belt and One Road, grand geo-strategy, rise of China, Eurasia