GEOGRAPHICAL RESEARCH ›› 2007, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (4): 723-734.doi: 10.11821/yj2007040009

• Economy and Regional Development • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Studies on the location factors&rsquo|impacts of manufacturing industry in Beijing with Ordered Probit Model

CHU Bo1,2,3, LIANG Jin-she1   

  1. 1. School of Geography, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China;
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    3. Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039, China
  • Received:2006-06-18 Revised:2006-11-27 Online:2007-07-25 Published:2007-07-25
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Abstract: It is significant for regional development whether the distribution of manufacturing industry is rational or not. Based on data from the census of Beijing's basic units in 1996 and 2001, this paper, with the Ordered Probit Model (OPM) and analytical techniques in Geographical Information System (GIS), attempts to probe into how the location factors impact the manufacturing industry in Beijing these years, as well as the changes of the impacts. On the one hand, through these studies concerned with a special region, the capital, it might offer the development of Location Theories some material, and it also helps to promote the practical application of the OPM; on the other hand, the studies' findings can be useful references to both the adjustment of industrial distribution and the planning of industrial development in Beijing in the future. The findings suggest that:(1) Beijing's manufacturing industry is being in the course of developing towards outer city and suburbs, and that development trend accords with the characters of Beijing's resources, environment and economy, which is an optimization of the spatial distribution pattern.(2) The OPM's results validate findings (1), and reveal that labor factor, enterprise factor, industry factor, convergency factor, and geography factor have different effects on the locational behaviors.(3)The laborers' quality plays a vital part in Beijing's manufacturing industry's spatial distribution, and in order to maintain the higher level of industrial structure, Beijing should improve the laborers' quality in the outer city and suburbs, which are the most important viewpoints of this study.

Key words: manufacturing industry, Beijing, location, Ordered Probit Model