GEOGRAPHICAL RESEARCH ›› 2008, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (4): 734-744.doi: 10.11821/yj2008040002

• Earth Surface Processes • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Changes in landscape spatial pattern in Wulingyuan World Heritage Site as a tourism destination

ZHOU Nian-xing, HUANG Zhen-fang, LIN Zhen-shan   

  1. College of Geographic Science, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210046, China
  • Received:2007-10-31 Revised:2008-04-18 Online:2008-07-25 Published:2008-07-25
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From the point view of landscape dynamic and its landscape ecological planning and construction of tourism area, research on the landscape spatial pattern changes and the effects of tourism and other human disturbances may have a significant academic meaning. Five remote sensing image data of 1977,1987,1998,2004 and 2007 have been used to analyze the landscape effects of tourism and other human disturbances in Wulingyuan World Heritage Site as a tourism destination. This article presents the dynamic change of landscape spatial pattern in 30 years. The results show that: (1) The landscape spatial pattern changed remarkably under the disturbances of tourism and other human activities from 1977 to 2007. The vegetation cover patch area grew dramatically, the agricultural landscape patch decreased gradually, and the built-up area fluctuated but mainly decreased. The fragmentation proved to be serious from 1977 to 1987, but to be alleviative from 1987 to 2004, however to be adversely aggravating since 2004. (2) The relationships between tourism development process and landscape spatial pattern have been outlined. The landscape proved to be more fragmental in the beginning of tourism exploration, and to be alleviated during the growing of tourism industry, but to be seriously fragmented in the tourism stability period. From the point of view of landscape diversity and dominance, the diversity will be reduced and the dominance will be prominent in the process of tourism development.(3) The influencing factors and their quantification on the landscape spatial pattern have also been presented. The agricultural cultivation, tourism activity and road construction have been diminished in turn.

Key words: tourism destination, landscape spatial pattern, Wulingyuan