GEOGRAPHICAL RESEARCH ›› 2011, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (2): 209-223.

• Earth Surface Processes •

### Impacts of tourist disturbance on soil in Huangshan Mountain scenic area

LU Lin1, GONG Jie1, JIN Xiu-long2

1. 1. College of Territorial Resources and Tourism, Research Center of Tourism planning and Development, Anhui Normal University Wuhu 241003 ,Anhui,China;
2. Department of Territory Information and Engineering,Chuzhou University,ChuZhou,239012, Anhui ,China
• Received:2010-06-03 Revised:2010-11-26 Online:2011-02-20 Published:2011-02-20

Abstract: Huangshan Mountain scenic area is one of the famous mountain resorts in China. It is a representative area not only in tourist activities but also in regional environment. In order to understand the impacts of tourist activities on soil, sampling and lab analyses were conducted to survey the soil near the main trails in Huangshan Mountain scenic area. The results were obtained as follows. Tourist disturbance generated a great effect on soil. With the increase of tourist disturbance, the bulk density of soil, pH value of soil and the content of total K increased. In the meantime the content of water, organtic matter, total N, total P in soil and the height of litter layer decreased. There was an obvious relativity between the change in all indexes with the increasing distance away from the trails and the change in the intensities of tourist disturbance. Among the above indexes, the highest correlation was found between the height of litter layer and the intensity of tourist disturbance, followed by the water content of soil and the bulk density of soil. The correlation between the content of total K and the intentity of tourist disturbance was relatively low, and the correlation between the total P and the intensity of tourist dirurbance was the lowest. It is indicated that the sensitives of each index to tourist disturbance were different. Compared with the control areas, soil condition changed evidently in a range of 2 m away from the trails, and reached 20 cm below the surface of soil. The impact on 0~10 cm soil was much greater than on 10~20 cm soil. The effects of tourist disturbance varied in different areas. The correlation between disturbance and effects was evident in heavily used areas and the effects were greater. However, the impact was not always consistent with the use because of different landshapes, plants and other environment factors. In addition, based on the above research, this paper discusses the current problems in studies of the recreational impacts on soil, and puts forward the concrete measures to alleviate the negative effects of tourist disturbance in Huangshan mountain resort.