GEOGRAPHICAL RESEARCH ›› 2011, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (5): 854-860.doi: 10.11821/yj2011050009

• Earth Surface Processes • Previous Articles     Next Articles

A method to forecast land demand by fusing geo-spatial indicators: Exemplified by Nanhai in Foshan

MA Lin-bing, CAO Xiao-shu, MU Shao-jie   

  1. School of Geography Science and Planning, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
  • Received:2010-09-16 Revised:2011-01-10 Online:2011-05-20 Published:2011-05-20

Abstract: The paper puts forward a method to forecast land demand by fusing several geo-spatial indicators. Traditionally, economic and social factors were regarded as the main influencing factors in forecasting land demand, hence the effects of spatial factors were neglected by researchers. However, for each type of land use, its spatial distribution and spatial shape are bound up with the other type of land use by interacting each other, so spatial factor should be introduced to forecast land use demand as a key ingredient. Several computable factors called geo-spatial factors can be used to fulfill the requirement, such as geographic standard distance, standard deviation ellipse parameters and spatial autocorrelation coefficient. These geo-spatial factors can reflect the changing trend of each type of land use and disclose some interior rule of spatial distribution and spatial spreading. It is necessary to fuse these geo-spatial factors into forecasting land use demand. Considering the influence of geo-spatial factors, the paper gives a land use demand forecasting method by fusing economic factor and geo-spatial factor. The method adopts multiple linear regressions to create a linear relation between land use demand quantity and multi-factor value from multi-years data and finally figures out target year's forecasting result. To verify the method, the paper makes a case study based on land use investigation data (from 2003 to 2009) and economic factor data (from 2002 to 2009) of Nanhai in Foshan city. By computing and analyzing, the result shows that it is more veracious to fuse geo-spatial indicators and economic indicators into land use demand than to use economic indicators only. It can be concluded that geo-spatial indicators have closer correlation with land use status and can play a more important role in forecasting land use demand. But restricted by basis data, the result in this paper should be verified by collecting more integrated data and adopting other statistic computing methods. The further work will focus on analyzing geo-spatial indicators' internal mechanism related to land use changes and selecting more reasonable indicators as forecasting factors.

Key words: land use demand, forecasting, geo-spatial indicator