地理研究 ›› 2019, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (10): 2552-2562.doi: 10.11821/dlyj020171113

• • 上一篇    

话语权结构对国土空间规划方案的影响机理与优化策略

孔维锋1,2,陈东1,3,4()   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
    2. 中国国际工程咨询有限公司,北京 100048
    3. 中国科学院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室,北京 100101
    4. 中国科学院大学资源与环境学院,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2017-11-23 修回日期:2019-09-30 出版日期:2019-10-20 发布日期:2019-10-30
  • 通讯作者: 陈东 E-mail:chend.04b@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:孔维锋(1991- ),男,北京人,博士,中级工程师,主要从事国土空间规划与空间治理研究。E-mail: kongwf.13b@foxmail.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金重点项目(41630644);国家自然科学基金项目(41301120)

Mechanism and optimization of discourse structure of stakeholders to territorial spatial planning

KONG Weifeng1,2,CHEN Dong1,3,4()   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. China International Engineering Consulting Corporation, Beijing 100048, China
    3. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    4. College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2017-11-23 Revised:2019-09-30 Online:2019-10-20 Published:2019-10-30
  • Contact: CHEN Dong E-mail:chend.04b@igsnrr.ac.cn

摘要:

从话语权结构入手,分析规划制度因素对国土空间规划方案的影响机理,提出适应国土空间规划体系的优化话语权结构的策略建议。研究发现:① 由于利益主体短期内不会发生变化,真正影响国土空间规划的是不同利益主体的话语权结构。随着中国规划体制的改革,要形成有序的国土空间规划体系,最核心的是要在细分领域确定不同层级政府的话语权结构。② 不同层级规划的冲突主要表现在规模和空间两个方面,相对于国土空间上位规划的“三区三线”理想方案,六盘水市城市规划的建设类用地面积偏大27.9%,保护类用地面积偏小9.3%。冲突的原因是缺乏上级规划对下级规划的管控机制以及下级规划对上级规划的衔接机制。③ 通过分解传导以及集合传导机制,构建了细分领域的不同层级政府话语权结构体系,实现了不同层级国土空间规划的分级传导和分级管控。

关键词: 国土空间规划, 话语权结构, 影响机理, 优化策略

Abstract:

Starting from the discourse structure, this paper studies the mechanism of the planning institutional factor on territorial spatial planning, and proposes suggestions to optimize the discourse structure. The conclusions are as follows: First, because the stakeholders do not change in the short term, the real impact on territorial spatial planning is the discourse structure of different stakeholders. With the reform of China's planning system, the discourse structure of different levels of government in subdivided fields has been the key to the formation of an orderly territorial spatial planning system. Second, the conflicts of different levels of planning are mainly manifested in two aspects of scale and space. Compared with the ideal plan of "Three Zones and Three Lines" (Three Zones represent ecological space, agricultural space, and urban space; Three Lines represent ecological conservation redline, permanent capital farmland, and urban development boundary), the construction land area of urban planning is 27.9% larger, and the protection area is 9.3% smaller. The reason for the conflict is the lack of the control mechanism of the superior planning for the lower level planning and the connection mechanism between the lower level planning and the higher level planning. Third, through the decomposition conduction and the collective transmission mechanism, different levels of government discourse structure system in the subdivision domain are constructed, and the hierarchical conduction and hierarchical management of different levels of territorial spatial planning are realized.

Key words: territorial spatial planning, discourse structure, mechanism, optimization