地理研究 ›› 2019, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (10): 2518-2526.doi: 10.11821/dlyj020171118

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国土空间规划体系与不同层级规划间的衔接

郭锐1,陈东2,3,4,樊杰1,2,3,4()   

  1. 1. 中国科学院科技战略咨询研究院,北京 100190
    2. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
    3. 中国科学院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室,北京 100101
    4. 中国科学院大学资源与环境学院,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2017-11-23 修回日期:2019-03-11 出版日期:2019-10-20 发布日期:2019-10-30
  • 通讯作者: 樊杰 E-mail:fanj@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:郭锐(1987- ),男,安徽淮南人,博士,助理研究员,主要研究方向为空间规划理论与方法。E-mail: guorui@casipm.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金重点项目(41630644);国家自然科学基金项目(41801121);中国科学院科技战略咨询研究院重大突破项目(Y8X0771602);中国科学院科技战略咨询研究院院长青年基金项目(Y8X1201Q01)

Territory spatial planning system and the convergence between different levels

GUO Rui1,CHEN Dong2,3,4,FAN Jie1,2,3,4()   

  1. 1. Institutes of Science and Development, CAS, Beijing 100190, China
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    3. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    4. College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2017-11-23 Revised:2019-03-11 Online:2019-10-20 Published:2019-10-30
  • Contact: FAN Jie E-mail:fanj@igsnrr.ac.cn

摘要:

有序、高效的空间规划体系是现代化治理体系和治理能力的重要内容。当前,中国不同空间性规划打架、上下层级规划不衔接的问题突出,多规合一的空间规划仍处于改革和试点的阶段。回顾中国空间规划体系建构的阶段过程,按照空间层级和规划类型,提出适合中国国土面积和区域单元特征的中国特色空间规划体系,结合福建和贵州省空间规划试点案例,梳理空间规划体系中5个层次的衔接内容,包括“三区三线”底图与空间布局总图的衔接、“三区三线”底图与专项分幅总图的衔接、空间布局总图与专项分幅总图的衔接、专项分幅总图与部门专项规划的衔接、上下层级规划之间的相互衔接。同时从数据基础、学科体系、人才培养、规划流程4个方面指出未来进一步健全和完善空间规划体系应该克服的难点问题和努力方向。

关键词: 国土空间规划体系, 多规合一, 规划衔接, 福建, 贵州

Abstract:

An orderly and efficient spatial planning system is an important part of the modern governance system and governance capacity. At present, the problems of different spatial planning fights in China and the non-convergence of planning at the upper and lower levels are prominent. The spatial planning of convergence and integration with each other is still in the stage of reform and pilot. This paper reviews the stage process of the development of China's spatial planning system. According to the spatial hierarchy and planning type, this paper proposes a spatial planning system with Chinese characteristics that suit China's land area and regional unit conditions. Combined with the pilot cases of spatial planning in Fujian and Guizhou provinces, five types of convergence in the spatial planning system are summarized, including the connection of the "Three Zones and Three Lines" Base Map and the General Layout of the Spatial Planning, the connection of the "Three Zones and Three Lines" Base Map and the Overall Layout of the Special Planning, the connection of the General Layout of the Spatial Planning and the Overall Layout of the Special Planning, the connection of the Overall Layout of the Special Planning and the Special Planning made by various professional departments of the government, and the coordination between the upper and lower levels of spatial planning. Finally, this paper points out the difficulties to be overcome and efforts that should be made in the future to further improve and perfect the spatial planning system from four aspects, i.e., the data base, subject system, personnel training and planning process.

Key words: territory spatial planning system, multiple-plan integration, planning coordination, Fujian, Guizhou