地理研究 ›› 2019, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (10): 2458-2472.doi: 10.11821/dlyj020171164

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国土空间规划中城镇空间和城镇开发边界的划定

高晓路1,2,3,吴丹贤1,2,3(),周侃1,2,3,廖柳文1,2,3   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
    2. 中国科学院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室,北京 100101
    3. 中国科学院大学资源与环境学院,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2017-12-04 修回日期:2018-12-14 出版日期:2019-10-20 发布日期:2019-10-30
  • 通讯作者: 吴丹贤 E-mail:wudanxian15@mails.ucas.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:高晓路(1969- ),女,内蒙古包头人,研究员,博士生导师,研究方向为城市地理、城市规划和区域可持续发展。E-mail: gaoxl@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金重点项目(41630644);国家自然科学基金项目(41871171);国家自然科学基金项目(41501139);中国科学院科技服务网络计划(STS计划项目KFJ-STS-ZDTP-021)

The urban space and urban development boundary under the framework of territory spatial planning

GAO Xiaolu1,2,3,WU Danxian1,2,3(),ZHOU Kan1,2,3,LIAO Liuwen1,2,3   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    3. College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2017-12-04 Revised:2018-12-14 Online:2019-10-20 Published:2019-10-30
  • Contact: WU Danxian E-mail:wudanxian15@mails.ucas.ac.cn

摘要:

在2016年国务院印发的《省级空间规划试点方案》所提出的“开展基础评价”和“绘制规划底图”两项主要任务中,城镇适宜性的评价与城镇空间、城镇开发边界的划定属于核心内容,同时也是一项具有较强探索性的工作。以国家对国土空间规划的基本设想为依据,对城镇空间和城镇开发边界的概念和内涵、空间关系、相关规则进行深入探讨,确定了城镇适宜性评价与城镇空间、城镇开发边界划定的主要思路和技术路线。结合福建省空间规划的案例,分析了城镇适宜性评价与城镇空间、城镇开发边界划定的过程、方法和结果。不同于以往各部门开展的空间性规划,城镇空间和城镇开发边界的划定建立在资源环境承载能力和国土空间开发适宜性的基础评价之上,这使得城镇开发建设活动的空间布局在资源环境本底方面得到合理保障,城镇空间和城镇开发边界的划定也有了较为科学、客观的依据。此外,把基础底图的研制与城镇发展潜能、城镇开发指向的评估,以及开发建设的规模管控、空间管控、开发强度管控系统地整合起来,使得规划底图的随意性得到了较好的控制。实践表明,本文的思路和技术方法是合理可行的,这一尝试可为空间规划理论和方法体系的完善提供参考。

关键词: 国土空间规划, “三区三线”, 适宜性评价, 城镇空间, 城镇开发边界, 空间管控

Abstract:

The assessment of suitability for urban land-use and delimitation of urban space (US) and urban development boundary (UDB) are among the key tasks and is a challenge for carrying out basic evaluation and drawing up the base map of planning in the 'Pilot Program of Province-level Spatial Planning' launched by the State Council in 2016. In line with the framework of spatial planning reform, i.e. to achieve effective governance over national land- use with the tool of "Three Zones and Three Lines" (Three Zones represent ecological space, agricultural space, and urban space; Three Lines represent ecological conservation redline, permanent capital farmland, and urban development boundary), we first explored the conceptual ideas of US and UDB, and appropriate topological relationships and rules, upon which the principles and methodology for assessing suitability for urban land-use and delimitation of US and UDB were determined. Then, based upon the practice in Fujian province, we elaborated the procedures and the method. It was revealed that the proposed principles and methodologies are reasonable and feasible. One aspect that sets the work apart from previous practices is that, US and UDB were designated upon comprehensive assessment of the carrying capacity of resources and environments and the suitability of land for different functions. This improves the balance of urban development activities with resource and environments. In addition, the procedure for drawing up US and UDB incorporates the evaluation of urban development potentials and directions of each land parcel, and considers the objectives of spatial governance over the whole area, thus the randomness of US and UDB is well controlled. This practice is expected to provide useful reference for the improvement of the Chinese spatial planning system.

Key words: territory spatial planning, "Three Zones and Three Lines", suitability assessment, urban space(US), urban development boundary (UDB), spatial governance