地理研究 ›› 2019, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (10): 2506-2517.doi: 10.11821/dlyj020171173

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国土空间规划:生态环境类单幅总图的研制

李九一1,李丽娟1,王传胜1,2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
    2. 中国科学院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室,北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2017-12-04 修回日期:2019-08-29 出版日期:2019-10-20 发布日期:2019-10-30
  • 作者简介:李九一(1982- ),男,辽宁建昌人,博士,助理研究员,研究方向为水资源承载力与适宜性。E-mail: lijiuyi@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家重点研发计划项目(2018YFD1100101);国家自然科学基金项目(41201568);国家自然科学基金项目(41430861)

Research on a comprehensive map of ecology and environment for territory spatial planning

LI Jiuyi1,LI Lijuan1,WANG Chuansheng1,2   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2017-12-04 Revised:2019-08-29 Online:2019-10-20 Published:2019-10-30

摘要:

生态环境类单幅总图是国土空间规划编制的重要内容,是落实生态环境空间管控,促进生态环境与社会经济协调发展,实现一张蓝图干到底的重要支撑。探讨空间规划生态单幅总图和环境单幅总图的编制要点与技术方法,并以福建省为例,研制生态环境空间战略目标、空间结构与重点任务。在案例研究中,制定了福建省“三屏、六廊、十四片区”的生态安全格局建设方案,以及空间差异化的环境管控方案,并在空间上落实了生态环境治理的重点区域和重大生态环境治理工程。通过探讨生态环境类单幅总图编制与生态环境类专项规划的关系,阐明省级规划指导市、县等下层级空间规划生态环境单幅总图编制的原则与方法,是落实空间规划对生态环境保护空间指引的创新与实践。

关键词: 国土空间规划, 生态, 环境, 空间管控, 多规合一, 福建

Abstract:

Comprehensive map of ecology and environment, an important part of spatial planning, is a significant support to the implementation of the eco-environment control and the promotion of the coordinated development between eco-environment and social economy and carry out the blueprint all the time. This paper discussed the compilation points and technical methods of ecological and environmental comprehensive map. By taking Fujian province as an example, the strategic objective, spatial structure and key tasks of eco-environment were developed. In this case, the pattern construction program of ecological security, referred to simply as three barriers, six corridors, fourteen zones, and environmental management and control program with spatial differences were formulated. In addition, the key areas and major improvement projects in the ecological environment were implemented in space. Finally, the relationship between the comprehensive map of ecology and environment and the special planning of the eco-environment was discussed, and then the principles and methods of city or county belonging to lower level were discussed so as to innovate guidelines for eco-environment protection under spatial planning.

Key words: territory space planning, ecology, environment, space control, multiple plans integration, Fujian