地理研究 ›› 2019, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (8): 1849-1861.doi: 10.11821/dlyj020180635

• 专栏:流动的地理学 •    下一篇

基于流空间视角的城市群空间结构研究——以珠三角城市群为例

王少剑,高爽,王宇渠   

  1. 中山大学地理科学与规划学院,广东省城市化与地理环境空间模拟重点实验室,广州 510275
  • 收稿日期:2018-06-25 修回日期:2018-09-25 出版日期:2019-08-20 发布日期:2019-08-20
  • 作者简介:王少剑(1986- ),男,河南驻马店人,博士,副教授,主要研究方向为城市地理、城市与区域规划。E-mail: 1987wangshaojian@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41601151);广东省特支计划;广州市珠江科技新星(201806010187)

Spatial structure of the urban agglomeration based on space of flows: The study of the Pearl River Delta

WANG Shaojian,GAO Shuang,WANG Yuqu   

  1. Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Urbanization and Geo-simulation, School of Geography and Planning, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
  • Received:2018-06-25 Revised:2018-09-25 Online:2019-08-20 Published:2019-08-20

摘要:

随着现代交通、通信以及信息技术的发展,基于网络社会的“流空间”成为研究城市群空间结构的重要理论前沿。借助珠三角城市群9个城市的人流、物流、资金流和信息流数据,对珠三角城市群空间结构的现状和发展趋势进行综合性判断。研究发现:① 珠三角城市群的空间结构现状在“点-线-网-面域”4个层面均呈现出明显单极化态势,广州市是“流空间”视角下珠三角城市群的核心,区域网络结构呈现出“缺位型金字塔形结构”;② 珠三角城市群网络的未来发展中位于不同层级的城市将起着不同的作用,其中广州、深圳、东莞等城市对空间结构发展起着导向性作用,而佛山、中山等城市将承担着联系中转站功能;③ 珠三角各城市的流度辐射区一体化明显,各城市辐射影响区的空间形态也表明了各城市的功能圈和势力范围。未来随着全球化趋势和区域一体化政策的加强,珠三角城市群的集聚效应将不断转化为扩散效应,将极大提升珠三角城市群对全球范围内资源的吸聚和配置能力,助力珠三角城市群走向网络化的发展时代。

关键词: 珠三角, 流空间, 空间结构, 联系强度

Abstract:

With the development of modern transportation, communication and information technology, the "space of flow" based on network society has become an important theoretical frontier for studying urban spatial structure. Based on the passenger flow, material flow, fund flow and internet information flow in nine cities of the Pearl River Delta, this paper makes a comprehensive judgment on the present situation and development trend of spatial structure of urban agglomeration in this region. Research findings are as follows: (1) The present situation of urban spatial structure in the Pearl River Delta presents obvious unipolarization, and Guangzhou is the core of the delta based on the "space of flow". (2) Cities at different levels will play different roles in the future development of the urban agglomeration network. Guangzhou, Shenzhen and Dongguan play a leading role in the development of spatial structure, while Foshan, Zhongshan and other cities will assume the function of connecting transit stations. (3) The urban areas of the Pearl River Delta are well integrated. The spatial form of the radiated area of each city also indicates the functional circle and sphere of influence of each city. In the future, with the strengthening of globalization and regional integration policies, the agglomeration effect of the Pearl River Delta region will be transformed into diffusion effect, which will greatly improve the ability of the delta to absorb and allocate resources on a global scale.

Key words: Pearl River Delta, space of flow, spatial structure, contact strength