地理研究 ›› 2019, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (9): 2115-2128.doi: 10.11821/dlyj020180789

• 观点与争鸣 •    下一篇

知识产权贸易下的全球地缘科技格局及其演化

段德忠1,2,3,杜德斌1,2,3(),谌颖2   

  1. 1. 华东师范大学全球创新与发展研究院,上海 200062
    2. 华东师范大学城市与区域科学学院,上海 200241
    3. 华东师范大学一带一路与全球发展研究院,上海 200062
  • 收稿日期:2018-07-26 修回日期:2018-10-11 出版日期:2019-09-20 发布日期:2019-09-11
  • 通讯作者: 杜德斌 E-mail:dbdu@re.ecnu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:段德忠(1989-),男,江苏溧阳人,博士后,研究方向为世界经济地理与科技创新政策。E-mail: dzduan@geo.ecnu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41901139);中国博士后科学基金面上项目(2018M641962);华东师范大学一带一路与全球发展研究院专项课题(ECNU-BRGD-201807)

Global geopolitical pattern on science & technology from the perspective of intellectual property trade

DUAN Dezhong1,2,3,DU Debin1,2,3(),CHEN Ying2   

  1. 1. Institute for Global Innovation and Development, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China
    2. School of Urban & Regional Science, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241, China
    3. ECNU Institute of Belt and Road & Global Development, Shanghai 200062, China
  • Received:2018-07-26 Revised:2018-10-11 Online:2019-09-20 Published:2019-09-11
  • Contact: Debin DU E-mail:dbdu@re.ecnu.edu.cn

摘要:

中国崛起,关键在于科技崛起。在当前技术针对与封锁的国际环境中,探讨建构以中国为核心的全球创新网络和科学制定中国未来科技战略是当前创新地理学和地缘政治学交叉之下研究的重点课题,而明晰全球地缘科技格局及其演变过程则是基础所在。本文基于2001—2015年全球国家(地区)间的知识产权进出口数据,在研究全球知识产权贸易格局和网络结构的基础上,探讨了全球地缘科技体系的时空演化特征,得出以下结论:① 全球知识产权贸易网络两极分化显著,是一典型的小世界网络,以美国为核心的金字塔结构不断夯实;② 基于敏感性和脆弱性模型阐释的全球知识产权贸易的非对称依赖性进一步验证了美国是全球地缘科技格局的核心,且其核心地位不断巩固和加强。

关键词: 知识产权贸易, 地缘科技, 复杂网络分析, 非对称相互依赖, 时空格局

Abstract:

The transformation of the global production networks into global innovation networks has made the interdependence of countries gradually shift from the trade investments between countries to the asymmetric dependence formed in knowledge cooperation and technology transfer. The profound changes in the logic of geopolitics have resulted in the fact that the core sources of state power have evolved from military strength in the colonial era to economic strength in the era of trade, and to scientific and technological strength in the era of knowledge. The key to the rise of China lies in the rise of science & technology. Looking back at China’s scientific and technological development, we can find that there has never been a shortage of “containment” and “blockade”, from the “Paris Coordinating Committee” to the “Wassenaar Arrangement”, to today’s “ZTE Incident”. No country can compare the technical blockade faced by China, and China’s technological development path is also more rugged than that of any other country. In the international environment where technology is currently targeted and blocked, how to construct a global innovation network led by China and scientifically formulate geo-scientific strategies for China are the primary topics for research under the future of innovative geography and geopolitics. Based on this, we, taking the imports and exports of intellectual property rights among countries in the world from 2001 to 2015 as the data source, studied the network structure and pattern of the global intellectual property trade, and discussed the space-time evolution pattern of the global science and technology system. The following conclusions were drawn as follows. Firstly, the global intellectual property trading network is markedly polarized. It is a typical small-world network, with a hierarchical hierarchy of pyramid structure. The “central-periphery” pattern with the United States as the core is continuously consolidated. Secondly, the asymmetric dependence of global intellectual property trade based on sensitivity and vulnerability models further verifies that the United States is the core of the global geo-scientific and technological landscape, and its core position is continuously consolidated and strengthened.

Key words: intellectual property trade, geopolitics on science & technology;, complex network analysis, asymmetric interdependence, spatial-temporal pattern