地理研究 ›› 2019, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (10): 2415-2429.doi: 10.11821/dlyj020190327

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基于“双评价”集成的国土空间地域功能优化分区

王亚飞1,2,3,樊杰1,2,3(),周侃1,2,3   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
    2. 中国科学院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室,北京 100101
    3. 中国科学院大学资源与环境学院,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2019-04-28 修回日期:2019-08-08 出版日期:2019-10-20 发布日期:2019-10-30
  • 通讯作者: 樊杰 E-mail:fanj@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:王亚飞(1988- ),男,江苏赣榆人,助理研究员,主要从事地域功能与空间组织有序化研究。E-mail: wangyafei@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学重点基金项目(41630644);中国科协高端科技创新智库青年项目(DXB-ZKQN-2017-048)

Territorial function optimization regionalization based on the integration of "Double Evaluation"

WANG Yafei1,2,3,FAN Jie1,2,3(),ZHOU Kan1,2,3   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    3. College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2019-04-28 Revised:2019-08-08 Online:2019-10-20 Published:2019-10-30
  • Contact: FAN Jie E-mail:fanj@igsnrr.ac.cn

摘要:

“双评价”(资源环境承载能力和国土空间开发适宜性评价)作为构建国土空间的基本战略格局、实施功能分区的科学基础,为主体功能区降尺度传导、国土空间结构优化、国土开发强度管制等提供了一系列重要参数。以地域功能理论为基础,从人地关系演化出发,探索“双评价”的理论内涵,建立“双评价”到地域功能优化分区的科学逻辑,指出“双评价”集成实现综合效益最大化时所形成的主体功能分区方案为地域功能优化分区的最优方案。以福建省、六盘水市为案例,将人类生产生活的合理需求转化为用地需求参数,通过降尺度的参数分解与测算,结合上位规划及政府与专家系统研判,确定总量控制、结构化控制、空间结构或战略格局控制等目标参数,并在“双评价”基础上,通过不断调整指标、参数及阈值,逐步进行格网单元地域功能优化。着重考虑相邻区域功能冲突与协调、差异化的主体功能定位、土地利用现状及规划、区域发展战略格局以及海陆统筹等区域特征,不断校核与优化。从数据的可获取性、数据集满足理论模型及评估方法的适应程度、可使用的分析方法及模型的不确定性以及尺度效应等方面,探讨功能分区方案不确定性及其解决途径,增强优化结果的鲁棒性,以此作为“三区三线”划定等国土空间规划的科学基础。

关键词: 双评价, 资源环境承载能力, 国土空间开发适宜性, 地域功能, 优化分区, “三区三线”

Abstract:

As the scientific basis for constructing the basic strategic structures of territorial land space and implementing functional zoning, the "Double Evaluation" (i.e. resources and environmental carrying capacity and territorial development suitability evaluation) provides a series of important parameters for the downscaling of the major function zoning, the optimization of the spatial structure, and the intensity control of the land development. Based on territorial function theory, this paper explores the theoretical connotation of "Double Evaluation" from the evolution of human-land relationship, establishes the scientific logic of "Double Evaluation" to territorial function optimization, and points out that the major function regionalization scheme from "Double Evaluation" comprehensive integration that realizes the comprehensive benefit maximization is the optimal result of territorial function optimization. Taking Fujian province and Liupanshui city as two cases, we transform the rational demand of human production and living activities into the demand control parameters of land use. Combined with the superior planning and the government and expert system, we determine the critical target parameters, including the total control parameters, structural control parameters, spatial structure or strategic pattern control parameters, through the parameter decomposition and measurement of downscaling. By adjusting the indicators, parameters and thresholds, the gird cell territorial function optimization is continuously carried out, and the grid cell territorial function optimization regionalization schemes under different scenarios is obtained. Then continuous evaluation, check and optimization are carried out by the comparison with the planning of major function zones, land use status, neighboring areas, the construction needs of regional development and spatial strategy, as well as the relationship between land and sea. Given the influence of the uncertainty of available data, the adaptability of the data set to the theoretical model, the uncertainty of a usable analytical model and the scale effect, the uncertainty of the major function regionalization scheme and its solution are discussed to enhance the robustness of the optimization results as the scientific basis for territorial planning such as the "Three Zones and Three Lines" (Three Zones represent ecological space, agricultural space, and urban space; Three Lines represent ecological conservation redline, permanent capital farmland, and urban development boundary).

Key words: Double Evaluation, resources and environmental carrying capacity, territorial development suitability, territorial function, optimization regionalization, "Three Zones and Three Lines"