地理研究 ›› 2020, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (6): 1311-1328.doi: 10.11821/dlyj020190642

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

FDI技术转化及制造业集聚创新空间响应

李娜1,2, 伍世代3,4()   

  1. 1. 集美大学财经学院,厦门 361021
    2. 集美大学产业与区域经济研究中心,厦门 361021
    3. 福建师范大学地理科学学院,福州 350007
    4. 福建师范大学旅游学院,福州 350007
  • 收稿日期:2019-07-26 修回日期:2019-12-25 出版日期:2020-06-20 发布日期:2020-08-20
  • 通讯作者: 伍世代
  • 作者简介:李娜(1980-),女,福建泉州人,博士,副教授,硕士生导师,研究方向为经济地理与区域产业发展。E-mail: lean118@jmu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    教育部人文社会科学研究青年基金项目(16YJC790050);国家自然科学基金项目(71804059)

Technological transformation of FDI and its innovative spatial response based on manufacturing industry agglomeration

LI Na1,2, WU Shidai3,4()   

  1. 1. Collage of Finance and Economics, Jimei University, Xiamen 361021, Fujian, China
    2. Industrial and Regional Economic Research Center, Jimei University, Xiamen 361021, Fujian, China
    3. School of Geographical Sciences, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou 350007, China
    4. College of Tourism, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou 350007, China
  • Received:2019-07-26 Revised:2019-12-25 Online:2020-06-20 Published:2020-08-20
  • Contact: WU Shidai

摘要:

基于FDI技术转化的视角,结合264个城市17年连续面板数据,运用随机前沿生产函数模型、交叉项模型、空间杜宾模型和热点探测法,分析FDI技术转化机制及制造业集聚创新空间响应路径,结论:① FDI技术转化是制造业集聚创新的重要驱动力;② 基于马歇尔外部性的分析发现集聚规模效应和FDI技术外溢的双向作用是FDI技术转化的作用机制;③ 区域、行业和区位3个视角的路径研究揭示FDI嵌入制造业集聚促进跨区域生产网络链接,推动FDI技术转化在生产网络中传导,进而促进创新生产网络形成,带动邻近空间TFP增长,缓解极化发展问题,促进区域平衡发展。该研究试图为中国构建新型开放和创新体系,促进制造业集聚转型升级和区域高质量发展提供科学佐证和政策启示。

关键词: FDI技术转化, 制造业集聚, 创新空间, 马歇尔外部性, 响应路径, 中国

Abstract:

China is one of the major countries attracting FDI. However, there is a structural discrepancy between low-cost-oriented FDI and the upgrade of manufacturing industry agglomeration. Against this backdrop, attention is focused on reshaping regional competitiveness so that manufacturing industry agglomeration can enhance an effective use of external resources, overcome the predicament of the structural discrepancy, and accelerate the transformation and upgrading of the industrial structure. However, current research looks at the problem between the endogenous growth power and the innovative space of FDI and agglomeration in isolation, and it cannot clearly recognize the effect of the transformation of FDI based on agglomeration, which limits the understanding of the two-way effect and evolution of organized production during FDI and agglomeration. Therefore, this paper takes the technological transformation of FDI as a new perspective to analyse the mechanism of this transformation and the path of the innovative spatial response based on manufacturing industry agglomeration by setting up a stochastic frontier production function model, a cross-item model and the spatial Doberman model and by using data covering 264 cities in China over the period 1999-2015. The results show the following: (1) The technological transformation of FDI is an important driving force for the innovation of manufacturing industry agglomeration. (2) The analysis based on Marshallian externalities finds that the dual role based on the scale effect of manufacturing industry agglomeration and the diffusion effect of FDI is a functionary mechanism for the technological transformation of FDI. (3) The analysis from the region, industry and location perspectives reveals that the embeddedness of FDI helps to push the formation of the link of the trans-regional production network, promotes the transmission of spillovers from technological progress through the network platform, and then pushes the formation of an innovation network for production. The formation of the regional innovation network withnesses a rapid increase in TFP for adjacent spaces, alleviates the polarization in regional development, and promotes balanced regional development. This paper implies that China should continue to implement the basic national policy of opening wider to the outside world, absorb foreign investment through cooperative industrial development policy, and promote clustering from single polarization to chain cooperation. This study makes an effort to provide scientific evidence and policy implications for boosting China's opening up and building its innovative system and for promoting the agglomeration of the manufacturing industry and the high-quality development of the regional economy.

Key words: technological transformation of FDI, manufacturing industry agglomeration, innovative space, Marshallian externalities, response path, China